The unusual surname is French in origin, meaning "distaff". The surname has transposed to Kenoly (its approximate pronunciation) in most English-speaking countries.
He was born in north London on 9 October 1924 of French ancestry. He was educated at Latymer School and St Paul's School, London. He then studied Mathematics at Jesus College, Cambridge, graduating BA around 1945. Here he had met Prof Ronald Fisher who convinced him of the importance between statistics and the objective of resolving actual rather than theoretical scientific problems. He therefore went to work at the Rothamsted Experimental Station.
In 1947 he began lecturing in Statistics at Aberdeen University. In 1949 Cambridge awarded him an MA degree.
He obtained a further MA Degree from Oxford University in 1953 and joined the Institute of Statistics in Oxford where he stayed until 1955. In 1955 he moved to the London School of Economics as a lecturer and in 1964 to Imperial College, London. He had received a doctorate (DSc) from Cambridge in 1960. In 1965 he received the chair in Statistics at Southampton University and remained there until his premature death.
- Experiments: Design and Analysis with John Aneurin
- Smith, T. M. F. (1978). "Statistics: The Art of Conjecture". Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series D (The Statistician). 27 (2): 65–86. doi:10.2307/2987903. JSTOR 2987903.
- Barnard, George Alfred (1977). "Maurice Henry Quenouille, 1924-1973". Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A. 140 (4): 568–569. JSTOR 2345312.
- Smith, T. M. F. (1978). "Statistics: The Art of Conjecture". Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series D. 27 (2): 65–86. JSTOR 2987903.
- Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783 – 2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X.
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