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Mauser–Vergueiro rifle
Mauser–Vergueiro m/1904-39
TypeBolt action rifle
Place of originPortugal
Service history
In service1904–1939
Used byPortugal
Union of South Africa
German East Africa
International Brigades
WarsWorld War I
Spanish Civil War
Battle of Timor
Northern Mali conflict
Production history
DesignerJosé Alberto Vergueiro
ManufacturerFábrica de Braço de Prata
VariantsRifle m/1904, Carbine m/1904 and Rifle m/1904-39
Weight3.8 kg (8.4 lb) (Rifles m/1904 and m/1904-39)
3.6 kg (7.9 lb) (Carbine m/1904)
Length1,110 mm (Rifles m/1904 and m/1904-39)
1100 mm (Carbine m/1904)
Barrel length600 mm (23.6 in)

Cartridge6.5×58mm Vergueiro (Rifle and Carbine m/1904)
7×57mm Mauser (Rifle m/1904, export model)
8×57mm IS (Rifle m/1904-39)
ActionBolt action
Muzzle velocity715 m/s (2,346 ft/s)
Feed system5-round stripper clip, internal box magazine
SightsIron sights (tangent leaf rear sight adjustable from 200 to 2,000 meters)

The Mauser–Vergueiro was a bolt-action rifle, designed in 1904 by José Alberto Vergueiro, an infantry officer of the Portuguese Army, and manufactured by Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabriken (DWM). It was developed from the Mauser 98 rifle with the introduction of a new bolt system derived from the Gewehr 1888 and Mannlicher–Schönauer. Outside Portugal, the weapon was also known as the Portuguese Mauser. It used the 6.5×58mm Vergueiro, a cartridge developed specially for it.[1]

The weapon replaced the Kropatschek m/1886 as the standard infantry rifle of the Portuguese Army in 1904, remaining in service until it was replaced by the Mauser 98k in 1939. In Portuguese service the weapon was officially designated Espingarda 6,5 mm m/1904 ("Rifle 6.5mm m/1904"). A lighter and shorter version of the weapon was classified as a carbine and designated Carabina 6,5 mm m/1904 ("Carbine 6.5mm m/1904"). A total of 100,000 rifles were produced for Portugal. An additional 5,000 Mauser–Vergueiro rifles, chambered in 7×57mm Mauser, were produced in 1906 for Brazil's Federal Police, using leftover components from the Portuguese order and issued in the cities of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. In 1915, 20,000 of Portugal's Mauser–Vergueiro rifles were sold to South Africa, which had insufficient Lee–Enfield SMLE rifles to supply all of its troops.[1]

In Portuguese and South African service it was used in combat in the First World War and in several colonial campaigns. The German colonial troops in East Africa also used Mauser–Vergueiro rifles, captured from the allied forces in combat. The Portuguese Expeditionary Corps on the Western Front used British weapons and equipment for logistical reasons, and so did not use the Vergueiro. Although Portugal was neutral in World War II, in 1942 Portuguese forces briefly fought against the Japanese occupation of Portuguese Timor using Kropatschek rifles[1]

In 1939, after the Portuguese Army had adopted the 7.92×57mm Mauser 98k as the m/937, many of the remaining Mauser–Vergueiro rifles were modified to chamber the new standard cartridge. The modified rifles were called Espingarda 8 mm m/1904-39.[1] Markings on the modified rifles remained unchanged with the exception of the caliber designation "6,5" being stamped over on some rifles with two "X" marks. This was apparently done by individual Portuguese armorers rather than as standard practice.

The 7.92x57mm Mauser–Vergueiro rifle was kept in limited use in the Portuguese Army until the middle 1960s, mainly in some Overseas units.

These rifles are still used in Africa, for example in the Northern Mali conflict.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d Paul, Scarlata (October 20, 2012). "The Portuguese Mod. 1904 Mauser Vergueiro". Shotgun News. Shotgun News. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
  2. ^ "Small arms recovered in Mali raid | Armament Research Services". Retrieved 2015-09-03.