Masovian dialect

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Mazovian language)
Jump to: navigation, search
Masovian dialects
dialekty mazowieckie
Pronunciation [mazɔˈvʲɛt͡skʲɛ]
Native to Poland
Region Mazovian Voivodeship, Podlaskie Voivodeship
Latin (Polish alphabet)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog None
Linguasphere 53-AAA-cc
(varieties: 53-AAA-cca to 53-AAA-ccu)

The Masovian dialect, also written Mazovian, is the dialect of Polish spoken in Mazovia and historically related regions, in northeastern Poland.[1] It is the most distinct of the Polish dialects and the most expansive.[1]

Masovian dialect (B3) among languages of Central Europe

Masovian emerged in the process of mixing the Polish and the Mazovian language existing as a separate language well until 20th century, according to various scholars.[2][3][4][5][6][7] Mazovian dialects may exhibit such features as mazurzenie, liaison (intervocallic voicing of obstruents on word boundaries), and asynchronous palatal pronunciation of labial consonants (so-called softening). The Kurpie region has some of the most distinctive phonetic features due to isolation. Characteristics include:

  • Depalatalization of velars before /ɛ/ and palatalization of velars before /ɛ̃ /; e.g. standard Polish rękę, nogę ('arm', 'leg', in the accusative case) is rendered [ˈreŋkʲe], [ˈnogʲe] respectively instead of [ˈrɛŋke], [ˈnɔge];
  • /li/ sequences realized [lɪ] instead of [lʲi];
  • merger of the retroflex series sz, ż, cz, dź into the alveolar s, z, c, dz;
  • /ɨ/ > /i/ before certain consonants;
  • the Old Polish dual number marker -wa continues to be attached to verbs;
  • the open-mid vowels /ɛ, ɔ/ are realized as close-mid [e, o];
  • Standard Polish /ɔ̃/ and /ɛ̃/ merged with /u/ and /a/ respectively, in most situations;
  • certain instances of a > e;
  • [mʲ] > [ɲ]

Masovian dialects also contain certain vocabulary that is distinct from the standard Polish language and shares common characteristics with the Kashubian language.[8]

Subdialects[edit]

Mazovian dialects include but are not limited to subdialects[9] of:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Gwary polskie - Dialekt mazowiecki". gwarypolskie.uw.edu.pl. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  2. ^ "Full text of "Historya Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego: Srednie wieki i odrodzenie. Z wstepem o Uniwersytecie ..."". archive.org. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  3. ^ http://www.polona.pl/Content/863/ocr.txt
  4. ^ Kozłowski, F.A. (1858). Dzieje Mazowsża za panowania książat. Nakl i druk S. Orgelbranda. p. 504. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  5. ^ "Full text of "Kopernikijana czyli materyaly do pism i zycia Mikolaja Kopernika .."". archive.org. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  6. ^ Maciejowski, W.A. (1852). Piśmiennictwo polskie, od czasów najdawniejszych aż do roku 1830: z rękopisów i druków zebrawszy, w obrazie literatury polskiej historycznie skreślonym. 2. Nakładem i drukiem S. Orgelbranda. p. 327. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  7. ^ "Mitteilungen : Literarische Gesellschaft Masovia : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive". archive.org. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  8. ^ "Slavic languages -- Encyclopædia Britannica". britannica.com. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  9. ^ Halina Karas, Gwary Polskie, Dialects and gwary in Poland

Bibliography[edit]

  • Barbara Bartnicka (red.): Polszczyzna Mazowsza i Podlasia. Łomża-Warszawa 1993.
  • Anna Basara: Studia nad wokalizmem w gwarach Mazowsza. Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków 1965.
  • Anna Cegieła: Polski Słownik terminologii i gwary teatralnej. Wrocław 1992.
  • Jadwiga Chludzińska-Świątecka: Ze studiów nad słowotwórstwem gwar mazowieckich. Poradnik Językowy, z. 6, 1961, s. 253-258.
  • Karol Dejna: Dialekty polskie. Ossolineum 1993.
  • Barbara Falińska (red.): Gwary Mazowsza, Podlasia i Suwalszczyzny.ɴ I. Filipów, pow. Suwałki, Białystok, 2004.
  • Województwo płockie. Uniwersytet Łódzki, Łódź-Płock 1984.