Menacing

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Menacing or brandishing is a criminal offense in many U.S. states generally defined as displaying a weapon with the intent of placing another person in fear of imminent physical injury or death. Depending on state, degrees of offense range from a misdemeanor for first time offenders, to low to mid level felonies for offenders with a prior menacing charge.[1] Self-defense is often explicitly given as an exception.

The tangentially related crime of "Menacing By Stalking" was introduced as a new charge in some states following the popularization of laws specifically targeting stalking behavior, in which a perpetrator adopts a long-term pattern of actions designed to frighten and harass a victim while still adhering to the letter of existing harassment laws.

Laws by state[edit]

Ohio[edit]

In Ohio, the laws on Menacing read as follows:

2903.22 Menacing.[2]
(A) No person shall knowingly cause another to believe that the offender will cause physical harm to the person or property of the other person, the other person's unborn, or a member of the other person's immediate family.
(...)
2903.21 Aggravated menacing.[3]
(A) No person shall knowingly cause another to believe that the offender will cause serious physical harm to the person or property of the other person, the other person's unborn, or a member of the other person's immediate family.
(...)
2903.211 Menacing by stalking.[4]
(A) (1) No person by engaging in a pattern of conduct shall knowingly cause another person to believe that the offender will cause physical harm to the other person or cause mental distress to the other person.
(2) No person, through the use of any electronic method of remotely transferring information, including, but not limited to, any computer, computer network, computer program, or computer system, shall post a message with purpose to urge or incite another to commit a violation of division (A)(1) of this section.
(3) No person, with a sexual motivation, shall violate division (A)(1) or (2) of this section.
(...)

Oregon[edit]

In Oregon, the law on Menacing states:[5]

163.190
Menacing
(1) A person commits the crime of menacing if by word or conduct the person intentionally attempts to place another person in fear of imminent serious physical injury.
(2) Menacing is a Class A misdemeanor

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gardner, Thomas J.; Anderson, Terry M. (2015). "11. Assault, Battery, and Other Crimes Against the Person". Criminal Law (12th ed.). Cengange Learning. p. 297. ISBN 978-1-285-45841-0. LCCN 2013947068 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ "Lawriter - ORC - 2903.22 Menacing". codes.ohio.gov. Retrieved 2016-07-26.
  3. ^ "Lawriter - ORC - 2903.21 Aggravated menacing". codes.ohio.gov. Retrieved 2016-07-26.
  4. ^ "Lawriter - ORC". codes.ohio.gov. Retrieved 2016-07-26.
  5. ^ "163.190 Menacing". oregonlaws.com. Retrieved 27 July 2016.

External links[edit]