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Raymond Meredith Belbin
|Born||4 June 1926|
|Alma mater||Clare College, Cambridge|
Raymond Meredith Belbin (born 4 June 1926) is an English researcher and management consultant best known for his work on management teams. He is a visiting professor and Honorary Fellow of Henley Management College in Oxfordshire, England.
Early life and work
Belbin took both his first and second degrees, Classics and then Psychology, at Clare College, Cambridge. His first appointment after his doctorate was as a research fellow at Cranfield College (now Cranfield School of Management at Cranfield University). His early research focused mainly on older workers in industry. He returned to Cambridge and joined the Industrial Training Research Unit (ITRU) where his wife Eunice was director and he subsequently became chairman. Belbin combined this job with acting as OECD consultant running successful demonstration projects in Sweden, Austria, UK and the United States.
It was while at ITRU, in the late 1960s, that Belbin was invited to carry out research at what was then called the Administrative Staff College at Henley-on-Thames. The work which formed the basis of his 1981 classic took several years and, after publication, it was some time before its real importance was recognised. Having an interest in group as well as individual behaviour, but with no particular theories about teams, Belbin enlisted the aid of three other scholars: Bill Hartston, mathematician and international chess master; Jeanne Fisher, an anthropologist who had studied the peoples of Kenya; and Roger Mottram, an occupational psychologist.  Together they began what was to be a seven-year task: three business games a year, with eight teams in each game, and then in meeting after meeting, observing, categorising, and recording all the different kinds of contributions from team members. Belbin and his son Nigel established BELBIN Associates in 1988 to publish and promote the research.
Belbin's 1981 book Management Teams presented conclusions from his work studying how members of teams interacted during business games run at Henley Management College. Amongst his key conclusions was the proposition that an effective team has members that cover eight (later nine) key roles in managing the team and how it carries out its work. This may be separate from the role each team member has in carrying out the work of the team.
Based on Belbin's model of nine team roles, managers or organisations building working teams would be advised to ensure that each of the roles can be performed by a team member. Some roles are compatible and can be more easily fulfilled by the same person; some are less compatible and are likely to be done well by people with different behavioural clusters. This means that a team need not be as many as nine people, but perhaps should be at least three or four. While comparisons can be drawn between Belbin's behavioural team roles and personality types, the roles represent tasks and functions in the self-management of the team's activities. Tests exist to identify ideal team roles, but this does not preclude an extravert from being a Completer Finisher, nor an introvert from being a Resource Investigator.
- "363s Annual Return". Cardiff: Companies House. 25 March 2004. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 June 2019. Retrieved 7 June 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Timeline". www.belbin.com. Comberton: BELBIN Associates. 2018. Archived from the original on 7 June 2019. Retrieved 7 June 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Profile of Dr Meredith Belbin: The father of team roles Archived 12 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- Jay, Anthony (13 July 2004) [Originally published in Observer Magazine in 1980]. "Nobody's perfect – but a team can be". Henry Thornton. Melbourne, Australia: henrythornton.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
- "Meet The Team". www.belbin.com. Comberton: BELBIN Associates. Archived from the original on 7 June 2019. Retrieved 7 June 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Companies House (7 June 2019). "BELBIN ASSOCIATES LIMITED - Overview". beta.companieshouse.gov.uk. Cardiff: Government Digital Service. Archived from the original on 7 June 2019. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
BELBIN ASSOCIATES LIMITED... Incorporated on 27 May 1988CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Gale, Adam (17 June 2016). "Meredith Belbin: 'The EU is a miniscule [sic] bureaucracy'". Management Today. Retrieved 27 June 2017.