Metro M1 (Prague)

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Metro M1
Metro M1 at terminal station
Metro M1, Prague
Metro M1 in Prague.jpg
Metro M1 - interior
In serviceJanuary 2000 - present
Manufacturerconsortium of ČKD, Siemens, Adtranz
Replaced81-71, 81-71M
Constructed1998 - 2011, mainly 2000 - 2003
Number built53 trains
Fleet numbers4100-4199
Capacity1464 people
Operator(s)Dopravní podnik Praha
Depot(s)Depo Kačerov
Line(s) servedline C
Train length96.66 metres (317 ft 2 in)
Car length19.52 (M1.1 - first and last car), 19.21 (M1.2 + M1.3 - embedded cars)
Width271.2 centimetres (8 ft 10.8 in)
DoorsEight per car (4 on each side)
Maximum speed90 km/h (56 mph), in operation reduced to 80 km/h (50 mph)
Weight133.2 t (294,000 lb)
Acceleration1.4 m/s2
Electric system(s)750 V DC Third rail
Current collection methodContact shoe
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge

Metro M1 is a Czech type of metro train, which is used on line C of the Prague Metro. These Metro trains were made by the companies ČKD, Siemens and ADTranz mainly from 2000 to 2003 and were developed especially for Prague. These metro trains replaced the metro 81-71M.


Metro M1, station Střížkov on line C

The Metro M1 train consists of five units. Because of differences in the technical equipment of each car, the train is indivisible. It is driven by asynchronous motors with microprocessor control, in contrast to the motors used in Soviet trains. The train has a central control system that allows the train crew, data collection and evaluation, including diagnostics. Maximum capacity of one car is 48 seats (40 for the first and last car) for sitting and 252 standing places (242 for the first and last car).

The metro runs automatically, the driver only ensures the door opening and closing and reporting of stations. The metro is checked from the central dispatching of the Prague metro. The maximum speed of Metro M1 is 90 km/h (56 mph), but the maximum speed in operation is reduced to 80 km/h (50 mph) Train service life is estimated at thirty years. The designer of the trains is Ing. Arch. Patrik Kotas. The width of the door is 160 centimetres (5 ft 3 in), the height from floor to ceiling is 210 centimetres (6 ft 11 in).

M1 in Prague[edit]

Metro M1 on a test track in 2000

Metro M1 has been developed as a light rail of the new millennium. In 1995, a contract for the delivery of M1 trains was signed between the companies Siemens, ADTranz, ČKD and Prague Transport Company (DPP). The first train appeared in Prague in July 1998 within test operation. Main serial production took place between 2000 and 2003. Since 2003, this type is the only train in use on line C. In 2003, 40 units operated on this line. Further deliveries of M1 took place in response to the extension of line C in 2004 and 2008. These trains were made only by Siemens, without ČKD and ADTranz.

Currently, there are 53 M1 trains in Prague, further deliveries are not planned. In the morning rush hour 42 metro trains are in operation, the minimum interval between 2 trains is 90 seconds.

M1 in Maracaibo[edit]

As well as in Prague, for which Metro M1 was specially developed, it rides also in Maracaibo, in Venezuela. In Maracaibo, trains only have three cars and green-white paint.