Mexico, New York
|Town of Mexico|
Location in Oswego County and the state of New York.
|• Total||46.99 sq mi (121.7 km2)|
|• Land||46.27 sq mi (119.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.72 sq mi (1.9 km2)|
|Elevation||397 ft (121 m)|
|• Density||110/sq mi (43/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||979211|
Mexico has been referred to as the "Mother of Towns", as the original town as enacted by separate acts of 1792 and 1796 comprised an area that would eventually form six separate counties (Onondaga, Cortland, Oneida, Lewis, Jefferson, and Oswego). These six counties today contain a total of 84 separate towns that were once included in the original Town of Mexico.
The first Mexico (a proposed county), with all the surrounding towns, was originally created from Town of Whitestown, Herkimer County, New York, on April 10, 1792 by the State Land Commissioner. It was to include present day Oswego and Jefferson Counties. The original organization of the proposed Mexico County and a town of that name was abandoned for a time. In December 1794, George Frederick William Augustus Scriba purchased and patented a large tract of land; subsequently becoming a second Mexico, hence the Village of Mexico and the Town of Mexico.
Settlers grew quickly in both the Town and Village of Mexico. The presence of roads, log cabins, frame houses, and businesses encouraged growth. Mexico's early businesses included saw mills, oil-mills, gristmills, asheries, tanneries, blacksmiths, tinsmiths, coopers, cheese plants, cloth-dressings, distilleries, shoe-shops, hotels, general merchandise, and jewelers.
Lewis Miller invented the spring wagon and the high quality of these wagons made them famous all over the county.
Lulu Brown began making pans of baked beans to sell in grocery stores in 1937. They sold so well that her husband Earl and her son Robert E. Brown decided to sell them in Oswego. The business grew and relocated to the second story of the building at the south east corner of South Jefferson and Main Streets. Earl Brown died in 1938 and shortly after Richard G. Whitney joined the firm, forming Brown-Whitney-Brown (BWB). The business has since evolved into the world-famous Grandma Brown's Baked Beans.
With growth disease was prevalent. Between 1812 and 1820 a cholera-like disease spread throughout the region, a fatal form of dysentery, as well as ague and bilious fevers. More than one-half of the settlers lost their lives to these scourges during the first 20 years of the settlement.
In 1813 a system of public schools was established with 14 districts. The number increased to 19 by 1895 as new settlements developed. In 1822 a two story brick school housing grades on the first floor and high school on the second. This was called "The Academy" and was admitted to the state system by the regents in 1833. Mexico was the first school of secondary education to be founded in what is now Oswego County. Mexico was the first school to centralize in Oswego county. This occurred in 1936 when 31 districts in the towns of Mexico, Palermo and New Haven closed to make Mexico Academy and Central School. An elementary school continued in New Haven and Palermo while the rest of the students were bussed to Mexico.
Mexico also played its part in the abolition of slavery. As early as 1835 citizens signed petitions which were sent to Washington requesting the abolishment of slavery. Asa Wing was a prominent speaker who traveled across the state urging voters to pressure their representatives to pass new laws prohibiting ownership of slaves. Starr Clark was leader in the Underground Railroad and was the station master of the area.
The school district is known as the Mexico Academy and Central School District (MACS). The sports program's mascot is the Tiger, and the music program's mascot is the Matador. Mexico High School was once called Mexico Academy, a military academy. The district's bus garage is located on State Route 104, next to the middle school. Schools included in the district are:
- Mexico High School
- Mexico Middle School
- Mexico Elementary School
- New Haven Elementary School
- Palermo Elementary School
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 47.0 square miles (121.7 km²), of which, 46.3 square miles (120.0 km²) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km²) of it (1.34%) is water. The northwest part of the town borders Lake Ontario.
As of the census in the year 2000, there were 5,181 people, 1,934 households, and 1,388 families residing in the town. The population density was 111.8 people per square mile (43.2/km²). There were 2,211 housing units at an average density of 47.7 per square mile (18.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.15% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.68% of the population.
There were 1,934 households out of which 38.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the town, the population was spread out with 29.4% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $42,773, and the median income for a family was $46,852. Males had a median income of $38,250 versus $22,183 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,498. About 9.0% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.9% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in the town
- Arthur – A hamlet northwest of Mexico village. The Arthur Tavern was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991.
- Colosse – A hamlet in the southeast part of the town on Route 11. The Red Mill Farm was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991.
- Deweys Corners – A location east of Mexico village.
- Graftons Square – A hamlet on Route 11 south of Maple View.
- Lambs Corners – A location south of Prattham.
- Maple View – A hamlet in the northeast part of the town at the junction of Routes 11 and NY-104.
- Mexico – A village in the west part of the town.
- Mexico Point State Park – A park on the shore of Lake Ontario at the outlet of the Little Salmon River.
- North Church Corner – A hamlet in the northwest part of the town on Route 3.
- Prattham – A hamlet east of Mexico village or Route 104.
- Red Mill – A hamlet at the east town line, east of Colosse.
- Texas – A hamlet in the northwest part of the town on Route 104B.
- Wellwood – A hamlet on the south town line.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Churchill, John C.; Smith, H. Perry; Child, W. Stanley, eds. (1895). "The Town of Mexico". Landmarks of Oswego County. D. Mason & Co. Publisher. pp. 570–606. Retrieved 2015-10-20.
- "TOWN OF MEXICO OSWEGO CO., N. Y.". Ancestry.com. Retrieved 2015-10-20.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Mexico Academy & Central School". Mexico.cnyric.org. Retrieved September 15, 2015.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.