Middle Military Division
In the summer of 1864, Confederate General Jubal Early's army had defeated several Union armies, had advanced close to Washington, D.C., and continued to operate in the Shenandoah Valley into August. Faced with this continued threat, the Union high command created the Middle Military Division and ordered the cavalry commander of the Army of the Potomac, Major General Phillip Sheridan, to command it. The Military Division (an entity that controlled multiple military departments within the Union Army) was established on August 7, 1864. It comprised the geographic and military assets of the Departments of the Susquehanna, Washington, West Virginia, and the Middle Department. On December 1, 1864, the Department of the Susquehanna within the military division changed its name to the Department of Pennsylvania.
The operational field forces of the division were collectively known as the Army of the Shenandoah. Philip Sheridan commanded both the military division and the army from August 7 to October 18, 1864.
|Major General Philip Sheridan (temporary)||August 7, 1864||September 21, 1864|
|Major General Philip Sheridan||September 21, 1864||February 27, 1865|
|Major General Winfield S. Hancock||February 27, 1865||June 27, 1865|
When Hancock was assigned to the military division, his command did not include the troops under the command of Sheridan. Hancock relieved Sheridan of troop command on May 17, 1865.
- Union Army (explanation of military division, department, and army organizations)