Mijdrecht

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Mijdrecht
Skyline of Mijdrecht
Coat of arms of Mijdrecht
Coat of arms
Location of Mijdrecht
Location of Mijdrecht
Coordinates: 52°12′26″N 4°51′34″E / 52.20722°N 4.85944°E / 52.20722; 4.85944
Country Netherlands
Province Utrecht
Municipality De Ronde Venen
Population (2016)[1] 15,230
 • Density 2,940/km2 (7,600/sq mi)

Mijdrecht is a town of around 15,000[1] in the municipality of De Ronde Venen, in the Netherlands. It is located 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) west of the main A2 motorway, between Utrecht and Amsterdam.

The main street is the Dorpstraat, from where most shops and the municipal administrative offices are located. There is a police office, a fire department, 6 supermarkets, sport facilities, and a coffee shop. There is no police or doctor in the weekends.

History[edit]

Painters houses, Frisian-style farmhouse en water tower

Medieval History[edit]

In 1085 the parish of Mijdrecht, together with those of Wilnis, Tamen, Zevenhoven en Kudelstaart, was granted to the Deaconate of St. John (Proosdij van Sint-Jan), by Conrad, the Prince-bishop of Utrecht, in return for a depot in the Holland-Utrecht border region and the guarantee that the deaconate would develop the rugged terrain for habitation.[2] 1085 is the year taken as the founding of the municipality of Mijdrecht.[3]

Nineteenth Century[edit]

In 1815, soon after the French-Batavian period, the mayor of Mijdrecht, Hendrikus Abraham van Doorn van Noordscharwoude, submitted a questionnaire to the Minister of War. The questionnaire, about local conditions, reported a population of 3,000, including 5 carpenters, 2 smiths, 1 brazier, 2 brick-layers, 6 bakers, 8 tailors, and 6 cobblers.[4]

Recent History[edit]

Most parts of the city (like Hofland-Noord and Molenland) were built after 1980.

Until 1989, Mijdrecht was a separate municipality.[5]

Recently the city has grown, by expanding with 'Wickelhof I and II'.

Demographics[edit]

During the early 20th Century, Mijdrecht was a growing community. In 1925, the then-municipality of Mijdrecht had a population of 4,506[6], which grew to 4,618 in 1940.[7] In 1950, the population of the municipality had grown to 5,379.[8] In 1988, the last year that Mijdrecht was a separate municipality, the municipality population was 16,414.[9]

In recent years, Mijdrecht has had a declining population. In 2016 it had a population of 15,230, compared to 15,865 in 2010. This decline is particular in the 0-15 and 25-45 age ranges, with children (0-15) declining from 18% of the population in 2010 to 16% in 2016, and mid-range adults (25-45) declining from 25% in 2010 to 22% in 2016. By contrast, the percentage of seniors (65+) has grown from 14% in 2010 to 18% in 2016.[1][10]

Neighborhoods[edit]

Mijdrecht consists of a center around the Dorpstraat, and a number of planned residential neighborhoods, of which Proosdijland is the oldest.

  • Proosdijland
  • Hofland Zuid
  • Hofland Noord
  • Twistvlied
  • Molenland
  • Wickelhof

East of the Dorpstraat and Rondweg lies the industrial area.

Governance[edit]

Ever since the mergers of the municipalities of Mijdrecht, Wilnis, and Vinkeveen/Waverveen in 1989, Mijdrecht has been governed by the Municipality of De Ronde Venen.[5][11] The municipality is governed by a Municipal Council (Dutch: gemeenteraad) presently consisting of 27 councillors.[12]

Day-to-day executive administration is performed by the council of mayor and aldermen (Dutch: college van burgemeester en wethouders). The mayor, Maarten Divendal, was appointed by the crown on 22 November 2011. The remainder of the council consists of three aldermen and the municipal secretary, who heads the municipal administration.[13][14]

Business[edit]

Mijdrecht is the location for the Dutch branch of S. C. Johnson & Son, where it is housed in an office building designed by Hugh Maaskant on the Groot-Mijdrechtstraat.[15]

The following numbers of businesses by sector were reported by Statistics Netherlands for 2016:[1]

Businesses by sector Quantity
Total 1,590
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 10
Industry and energy 265
Trade and catering 395
Transportation, information, and communication 140
Business services 440
Culture, recreation, and other 150

Culture[edit]

Education[edit]

Elementary[edit]

Mijdrecht has seven elementary schools, one in nearly all of the residential neighborhoods. A number of these are public, Catholic and Protestant.[16]

School Neighborhood Denomination
De Fontein Proosdijland Protestant
Driehuis Molenland Catholic
De Windroos Proosdijland Catholic
Hofland Hofland-Zuid Catholic
Molenland Molenland Public
De Trekvogel Twistvlied Public
De Eendracht Hofland-Zuid Public

Secondary[edit]

There is one high/secondary school called Veenlanden College. The Mijdrecht campus of the school contains around 1380 students in MAVO, HAVO and Atheneum levels.[17]

Recreation[edit]

Mijdrecht is home to the football and basketball club SV Argon, which was created after a merger of three football clubs in Mijdrecht and Wilnis in 1971.[18]

From 1982 until 2012, Mijdrecht was the location for an annual national festival called AJOC (Algemene Jongeren Ontspannings Club - General Youth Recreation Club).[19][20][21]

Religion[edit]

In 1937, the provincial almanac of Utrecht reported Mijdrecht having a population of 4,717, of whom 1,838 were Roman Catholic, 1,646 Dutch Reformed, 877 Reformed, and 136 not being members of a church.[22] Currently, there are numerous protestant churches, of various denominations and one Catholic Church. There was also a synagogue on the Kerkweg.

Presently, Mijdrecht also has a Muslim community with a mosque, the Hakyol Moskee in Twistvlied. The Hakyol Mosque shares an address with the Veenhartkerk, a Christian Reformed church.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (2018). Aantal inwoners - Buurten - 2016. CBS in uw buurt. Retrieved on February 2, 2018 from http://www.cbsinuwbuurt.nl/#sub-buurten2016_aantal_inwoners
  2. ^ Cappon, C.M. (1983). "F. Doeleman, De heerschappij van de proost van Sint Jan in de middeleeuwen 1085-1594. Een rechtshistorische studie van de institutionele aard van een hoge heerlijkheid in het veen van Wilnis, Mijdrecht, Tamen, Kudelstaart en Zevenhoven in het grensgebied van Holland en het Nedersticht, alsmede in Achttienhoven". BMGN: Low Countries Historical Review. 98 (3): 494–498. doi:10.18352/bmgn-lchr.2421. 
  3. ^ Brugmans, J.L.M. (1985). "Foreword". De Proosdijkoerier. 1 (2): 2. Retrieved 4 February 2018. 
  4. ^ De Wit, Fred (2009). "De Lindeboom: voor de oorlog een begrip in koekminnend Nederland". Proosdijkoerier. 25 (1): 8. Retrieved 1 February 2018. 
  5. ^ a b Van der Meer, A. & Boonstra, O. (2006). Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten 1812-2006. The Hague: Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-02-20. Retrieved 2009-12-03. 
  6. ^ Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (1925). Bevolking en Bevolkingsdichtheid der Gemeenten van Nederland op 1 Januari 1925 (PDF). p. 18. Retrieved 25 April 2018. 
  7. ^ Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (1940). Bevolking en oppervlakte der gemeenten van Nederland op 1 januari 1940 (PDF). 'S Gravenhage: N.V. Drukkerij Albani. p. 40. Retrieved 25 April 2018. 
  8. ^ Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (1950). Bevolking der gemeenten van Nederland op 1 Januari 1950 (PDF). Utrecht: W. De Haan N.V. p. 33. Retrieved 25 April 2018. 
  9. ^ Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (1988). Bevolking der gemeenten van Nederland op 1 Januari 1988. S Gravenhage: Staatsuigeverij. pp. 22–23. Retrieved 25 April 2018. 
  10. ^ Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (2018). Aantal inwoners - Buurten - 2010. CBS in uw buurt. Retrieved on February 2, 2018 from http://www.cbsinuwbuurt.nl/#sub-buurten2010_aantal_inwoners
  11. ^ Regionaal Historisch Centrum Vecht en Venen (1 February 2015). "Korte geschiedenis". archieven.nl. DE REE Archiefsystemen. Retrieved 31 January 2018. 
  12. ^ Gemeente De Ronde Venen. "Gemeenteraad". Gemeente De Ronde Venen. Retrieved 1 February 2018. 
  13. ^ Gemeente De Ronde Venen. "College van B&W". Gemeente De Ronde Venen. Retrieved 1 February 2018. 
  14. ^ Gemeente De Ronde Venen. "Organogram" (PDF). Gemeente De Ronde Venen. Retrieved 1 February 2018. 
  15. ^ Maaskant van Dommelen Kroos, A. (1972). Johnson-Wax Mijdrecht (Holanda). Informes De La Construccion, 25(242), 9-14.
  16. ^ "03. Adressen van alle schoolvestigingen in het basisonderwijs". Dienst Uitvoering Onderwijs. Ministerie van Onderwijs, Cultuur en Wetenschap. 1 February 2018. Retrieved 4 February 2018. 
  17. ^ Veenlanden College (2017). 2017-2018 School Gids. Retrieved January 2, 2018 from http://www.veenlandencollege.nl/wp-content/uploads/Schoolgids-2017-2018.pdf
  18. ^ Sportvereniging Argon (9 September 2013). "De Club: Over SV Argon". SV Argon (in Dutch). Retrieved 31 January 2018. 
  19. ^ AJOC (22 September 2009). "Nieuw AJOC seizoen specatulair van start!". 0297.nl. Retrieved 31 January 2018. 
  20. ^ AJOC Festival. "AJOC Festival". 0297.nl. Retrieved January 25, 2018. 
  21. ^ AJOC Festival (28 November 2012). "Geen AJOC Festival in 2013". 0297.nl. Retrieved January 25, 2018. 
  22. ^ Compier, Fons (2009). "Vergelijking met Mijdrecht en Wilnis". Proosdijkoerier. 25 (1): 25. Retrieved 1 February 2018. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°12′N 4°52′E / 52.200°N 4.867°E / 52.200; 4.867