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Welcome to the Netherlands Portal!
Welkom bij het Nederlandportaal!
is one of four constituent countries in the Netherlands . The Netherlands is a Kingdom of the Netherlands parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch, located in northwestern Europe. It borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east.
Since 2010, the Caribbean islands of Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius have become part of the country of the Netherlands, whereas Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten are considered separate countries within the Kingdom, however only the Kingdom functions internationally as a sovereign state.
Although the Netherlands is often referred to as
, this use is strictly incorrect, as Holland Holland is a region in the central-western part of the Netherlands, consisting of only two of the country's twelve provinces. The country's constitutional capital is Amsterdam, but the seat of government is in The Hague. The Hague also locates most international embassies, as well as the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Court.
The Netherlands is a very
densely populated and geographically one of the most low-lying countries in the world (its name literally means "Low lands") that is popularly famous for, among other things, its dikes and canals, windmills, wooden shoes, tulips, bicycles and social tolerance. Its liberal policies, for instance regarding drugs, homosexuality or prostitution receive international attention.
As of 2014 the country ranks fourth in the world on the United Nations Human Development Index, or third on the . The Netherlands also ranked as the fourth happiest country in the world in the inequality-adjusted H.D.I. U.N.'s 2013 World Happiness Report, reflecting its high quality of life.
Design 1047 was a series of plans for a class of Dutch battlecruisers prior to the Second World War. The ships were intended to counter a perceived threat posed by Imperial Japanese aggression to the Dutch's colonies in the East Indies. Dutch intelligence believed that the Imperial Japanese Navy would deploy its capital ships ( aircraft carriers and battleships) against their counterparts of the United States Navy and the British Royal Navy, leaving heavy and light cruisers as the largest ships available for an advance into the East Indies. As such, the 1047s were shaped by the need to be able to fight their way though an escort screen composed of cruisers and destroyers. It was hoped that they would be able to act as a fleet in being capable of delaying, altering, or ending plans for an invasion of the East Indies because they would be able to deal a severe blow to an assembled invasion force.
After a recommendation from high-ranking Dutch naval officers that the
Koninklijke Marine be bolstered so any attacker would have to "use such a large part of his military potential that there would be an unacceptable weakening of his capabilities in other theaters", the Minister of Defense ordered the Navy to prepare designs for a two or three-member class of battlecruisers. A preliminary plan by Dutch designers was completed on 11 July 1939, but as they had not previously designed a modern capital ship the design was missing many of the post-First World War advances in warship technology; in particular, the armor protection was totally outmoded. As the only information available on modern designs came from public literature and editions of , the Dutch turned to Germany, which agreed to release plans and drawings based upon their Jane's Fighting Ships in return for a guarantee that all needed equipment would be ordered from German firms. With this assistance a final design was completed by February 1940, but a visit to Italy prompted a rethink of the internal subdivision within the ships to incorporate a rough Scharnhorst class Pugliese system. This led to a set of drawings dated 19 April 1940, which are the last known design produced prior to Germany's invasion and occupation of the Netherlands.
... that Dutch
Nuna solar racing team, guided by former Space Shuttle astronaut Wubbo Ockels (pictured) won the World Solar Challenge six times out of the last eight events ? ... that
The Hague is home to over 150 international organisations (including NGOs) working in the field of peace and justice ? ... the Netherlands is a
very densely populated country for its size ? With 406 people per km² – or 498 if inland waters are excluded – only Bangladesh, South Korea and Taiwan have both a larger population and a higher population density. ... the Netherlands is nevertheless the world's second largest exporter of food and agriculture products, after the United States ?
... and that it has the most plentiful, nutritious and healthy food, according to a 2014 comparison of 125 countries by
Oxfam ? ... a
UNICEF report published in 2007 ranked the Netherlands as the best country for children to live in ? ... the Netherlands also exports more flowers and
flower bulbs than the rest of the world combined ? ... the
KLM is the longest running national airline in the world ? ... the
Port of Rotterdam was the world's busiest port from 1962–2002, and is now still the world's largest seaport outside of East Asia, measured by total cargo tonnage handled ? ... that two major clusters of
flood control and land reclamation projects: the Delta Works and the Zuiderzee Works, were declared one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers. ? ... of which the
Maeslantkering storm surge barrier is one of the largest moving structures on Earth ? ... of which the 1932
Afsluitdijk is still one of the world's longest dams and causeways ? ... and of which the
Flevopolder, at an area of 970 km² (370 sq. mi), is by far the world's largest artificial island ?
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