Welcome to the Netherlands Portal! Welkom bij het Nederlandportaal!
is one of four constituent countries in the Netherlands . The Netherlands is a Kingdom of the Netherlands parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch, located in northwestern Europe. It borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east.
Since 2010, the Caribbean islands of Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius have become part of the country of the Netherlands, whereas Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten are considered separate countries within the Kingdom, however only the Kingdom functions internationally as a sovereign state.
Although the Netherlands is often referred to as
, this use is strictly incorrect, as Holland Holland is a region in the central-western part of the Netherlands, consisting of only two of the country's twelve provinces. The country's constitutional capital is Amsterdam, but the seat of government is in The Hague. The Hague also locates most international embassies, as well as the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Court.
The Netherlands is a very
densely populated and geographically one of the most low-lying countries in the world (its name literally means "Low lands") that is popularly famous for, among other things, its dikes and canals, windmills, wooden shoes, tulips, bicycles and social tolerance. Its liberal policies, for instance regarding drugs, homosexuality or prostitution receive international attention.
As of 2014 the country ranks fourth in the world on the United Nations Human Development Index, or third on the . The Netherlands also ranked as the fourth happiest country in the world in the inequality-adjusted H.D.I. U.N.'s 2013 World Happiness Report, reflecting its high quality of life.
Great Hurricane of 1780
, also known as the
Hurricane San Calixto II
, is the deadliest
on record. Over 27,500 people died when the storm passed through the
between October 10 and October 16. Specifics on the hurricane's track and strength are unknown since the official
Atlantic hurricane database
only goes back to 1851.
The hurricane struck
Barbados with winds possibly exceeding 320 km/h (200 mph), before moving past Martinique, Saint Lucia, and Sint Eustatius; thousands of deaths were reported on each island. Coming in the midst of the American Revolution, the storm caused heavy losses to British and French fleets contesting for control of the area. The hurricane later passed near Puerto Rico and over the eastern portion of the Dominican Republic, which at the time was known as Santo Domingo. There, it caused heavy damage near the coastlines; it ultimately turned to the northeast before being last observed on October 20 southeast of Cape Race, Newfoundland.
Selected biography Did you know...
... that Dutch
Nuna solar racing team, guided by former Space Shuttle astronaut Wubbo Ockels (pictured) won the World Solar Challenge six times out of the last eight events ? ... that
The Hague is home to over 150 international organisations (including NGOs) working in the field of peace and justice ? ... the Netherlands is a
very densely populated country for its size ? With 406 people per km² – or 498 if inland waters are excluded – only Bangladesh, South Korea and Taiwan have both a larger population and a higher population density. ... the Netherlands is nevertheless the world's second largest exporter of food and agriculture products, after the United States ?
... and that it has the most plentiful, nutritious and healthy food, according to a 2014 comparison of 125 countries by
Oxfam ? ... a
UNICEF report published in 2007 ranked the Netherlands as the best country for children to live in ? ... the Netherlands also exports more flowers and
flower bulbs than the rest of the world combined ? ... the
KLM is the longest running national airline in the world ? ... the
Port of Rotterdam was the world's busiest port from 1962–2002, and is now still the world's largest seaport outside of East Asia, measured by total cargo tonnage handled ? ... that two major clusters of
flood control and land reclamation projects: the Delta Works and the Zuiderzee Works, were declared one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers. ? ... of which the
Maeslantkering storm surge barrier is one of the largest moving structures on Earth ? ... of which the 1932
Afsluitdijk is still one of the world's longest dams and causeways ? ... and of which the Flevopolder, at an area of 970 km² (370 sq. mi), is by far the world's largest artificial island ?
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