Welcome to the Netherlands Portal!
Welkom bij het Nederlandportaal!
is one of four constituent countries in the Netherlands . The Netherlands is a Kingdom of the Netherlands parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch, located in northwestern Europe. It borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east.
Since 2010, the Caribbean islands of Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius have become part of the country of the Netherlands, whereas Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten are considered separate countries within the Kingdom, however only the Kingdom functions internationally as a sovereign state.
Although the Netherlands is often referred to as
, this use is strictly incorrect, as Holland Holland is a region in the central-western part of the Netherlands, consisting of only two of the country's twelve provinces. The country's constitutional capital is Amsterdam, but the seat of government is in The Hague. The Hague also locates most international embassies, as well as the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Court.
The Netherlands is a very
densely populated and geographically one of the most low-lying countries in the world (its name literally means "Low lands") that is popularly famous for, among other things, its dikes and canals, windmills, wooden shoes, tulips, bicycles and social tolerance. Its liberal policies, for instance regarding drugs, homosexuality or prostitution receive international attention.
As of 2014 the country ranks fourth in the world on the United Nations Human Development Index, or third on the . The Netherlands also ranked as the fourth happiest country in the world in the inequality-adjusted H.D.I. U.N.'s 2013 World Happiness Report, reflecting its high quality of life.
Museum de Oude Wolden
in the village of
. The museum focuses on art and history of the regions of
. It opened on 10 August 1973. In the first decades, it primarily exhibited historical objects documenting everyday life. In the late 1990s, the museum started to exhibit artworks of
artist collective De Ploeg
magic realist painter Lodewijk Bruckman
. Since 2012, it has a permanent display of paintings by Bruckman and temporary exhibitions.
The municipality of
Bellingwedde employs the museum staff and provides most of the museum's budget. Since 2003, the museum had around 1,800 to 3,200 visitors per year. With 1,798 visitors in 2012, when the museum was partially closed for renovation, it is one of the lesser-visited museums in Groningen.
... that Dutch
Nuna solar racing team, guided by former Space Shuttle astronaut Wubbo Ockels (pictured) won the World Solar Challenge six times out of the last eight events ? ... that
The Hague is home to over 150 international organisations (including NGOs) working in the field of peace and justice ? ... the Netherlands is a
very densely populated country for its size ? With 406 people per km² – or 498 if inland waters are excluded – only Bangladesh, South Korea and Taiwan have both a larger population and a higher population density. ... the Netherlands is nevertheless the world's second largest exporter of food and agriculture products, after the United States ?
... and that it has the most plentiful, nutritious and healthy food, according to a 2014 comparison of 125 countries by
Oxfam ? ... a
UNICEF report published in 2007 ranked the Netherlands as the best country for children to live in ? ... the Netherlands also exports more flowers and
flower bulbs than the rest of the world combined ? ... the
KLM is the longest running national airline in the world ? ... the
Port of Rotterdam was the world's busiest port from 1962–2002, and is now still the world's largest seaport outside of East Asia, measured by total cargo tonnage handled ? ... that two major clusters of
flood control and land reclamation projects: the Delta Works and the Zuiderzee Works, were declared one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers. ? ... of which the
Maeslantkering storm surge barrier is one of the largest moving structures on Earth ? ... of which the 1932
Afsluitdijk is still one of the world's longest dams and causeways ? ... and of which the
Flevopolder, at an area of 970 km² (370 sq. mi), is by far the world's largest artificial island ?
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn
(July 15, 1606 – October 4, 1669) was a
. He is generally considered one of the greatest painters and
European art history
and the most important in
. His contributions to art came in a period that historians call the
Dutch Golden Age
Having achieved youthful success as a portrait painter, his later years were marked by personal tragedy and financial hardship. Yet his drawings and paintings were popular throughout his lifetime, his reputation as an artist remained high and for twenty years he taught nearly every important Dutch painter. Rembrandt's greatest creative triumphs are exemplified especially in his
portraits of his contemporaries, self-portraits and illustrations of scenes from the Bible. The self-portraits form a unique and intimate biography, in which the artist surveyed himself without vanity and with the utmost sincerity.
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