Milk churn stand

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Milk churn stand with churns

Milk churn stands were once a common roadside sight in Britain in areas which carried out dairy farming. They were standard-height platforms on which milk churns would be placed for collection by cart or lorry. Some were simple and made of wood, but the majority were built from stone or concrete blocks. Collection of milk churns from stands ceased in Britain in 1979. Many have survived, some being renovated to memorialise the practice, while others have been dismantled or left to decay.

Description[edit]

Milk churn stand with steps
Simple milk churn stand

Milk churn stands could be made of wood, or were more permanent structures built from concrete or stone blocks. Many were simple cubic structures.[1] Some had steps leading up to them, or just a foothole to reach the platform[2] while some could be considerably more elaborate.[3] The simple purpose of the stand was to facilitate collection of milk churns by cart[4] or lorry and so were built at a convenient height for easy transfer. A full churn might contain 17 gallons, and thus weigh about 170 lbs. Once the full churns had been removed they were replaced by the haulier with empty ones for refilling by the next collection time. The full churns would then be transported directly by road to the dairy, or indirectly by rail.

The origin of the milk churn stand probably dates back at least into the 19th century when commercial trade in milk became widespread,[5] dairies became larger enterprises and widespread distribution was facilitated by rail and improving road networks.

Cessation[edit]

When in 1979 churn collection ceased [6] and all milk was collected by tanker, the stands were no longer needed.

Fate[edit]

Forgotten milk churn stand
A milk churn stand as a feature

Many milk churn stands would have been lost during road improvement schemes owing to their proximity to the roadside[5] but many were left in situ to slowly decay; thus there are few original wooden examples. However, many made from more durable materials such as concrete or stone have survived and can be seen throughout the country and, indeed, in other countries. Some have been renovated as reminders of the former widespread practice,[7][8][9] while some replica stands have been erected for the same reason in stone[10] (such as the example at Wadenhoe) and the reinstatement or removal of some has even been the subject of planning application.[11][12] Some milk churn stands have been recorded as historical monuments by regional bodies[13] and the National Archives.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "People's Collection Wales: Milk churn stand for Cwmhwylog farm". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  2. ^ "Llanteg History Society: Llanteg Milk Stands - A thing of the past?". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  3. ^ "Milk churn stand, Old Abbey Farm, Pontrhydfendigaid". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  4. ^ "Rooksbridge: Cheddar Valley Dairy". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  5. ^ a b "Yorkshire Dales traditional farm building survey (page 24)" (PDF). Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  6. ^ "Hansard, 10 July 1978". Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  7. ^ "Ceredigion County Council Museum Collection: Milk churn". Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  8. ^ "Ceredigion County Council Museum Collection: Milk churn stand". Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  9. ^ "People's Collection Wales: Milk churn collection". Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  10. ^ "Farmers remember dairymen with replica churn stand". Somerset live. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  11. ^ "Fylde Council Planning Application". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  12. ^ "Lake District National Park Authority: Delegated report" (PDF). Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  13. ^ "RCAHMW: Glannant Farm". Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  14. ^ "The National Archives: Cranbrook: Little Paddocks Farm - milk churn stand. WE/5/54/113". Retrieved 29 September 2016.