Minuscule 123

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Minuscule 123
New Testament manuscript
Name Codex Vindobonensis Theol. Gr. 240
Text Gospels
Date 11th century
Script Greek
Found 1562 Busbeck
Now at Austrian National Library
Size 20.8 cm by 15.3 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note incomplete marginalia

Minuscule 123 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 174 (Von Soden numbering),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament on a parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 11th century.[2] It has complex contents with some marginalia.


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels on 328 thick parchment leaves (20.8 cm by 15.3 cm). The text is written in one column per page, 18 lines per page.[2]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections (in Mark 241 – 16:20), but without references to the Eusebian Canons.[3]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum, the Eusebian Canon tables, Prolegomena, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, pictures, and subscriptions at the end of each Gospel.[4][3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Kx.[5] Kurt Aland places it in Category V.[6]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents textual family Kx in Luke 1, Luke 10, and Luke 20.[5]

Some corrections were made by another hand.[4]


The manuscript was brought from Constantinople by the ambassador Augier de Busbeck in 1562 (along with Minuscule 221 and 222).[3]

It was examined by Treschow, Alter, Birch.[4] Alter used it in his edition of the Greek text of the New Testament.[7] C. R. Gregory saw it in 1887.[3]

Currently the codex is located at the Austrian National Library (Theol. Gr. 240) at Vienna.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 52. 
  2. ^ a b c K. Aland; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 54. 
  3. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testamentes. 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 155. 
  4. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 211. 
  5. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 55. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  7. ^ K. Alter, Novum Testamentum Graecum, ad Codicem Vindobonensem Graece expressum: Varietam Lectionis addidit Franciscus Carolus Alter, 2 vols. 8vo, Vienna, 1786-1787.

Further reading[edit]

  • A. G. Busbequii D. legationis Tureicae epistolae quattuor, Hannover 1605, p. 295.

External links[edit]