Minuscule 14

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Minuscule 14
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 964
Script Greek
Now at National Library of France
Size 17.6 cm by 19.2 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V

Minuscule 14 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 1021 (von Soden).[1] It is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on 392 parchment leaves (17.6 cm by 19.2 cm), dated by a colophon to the year 964 CE.[2]


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels with some lacunae (Matthew 1:1-9; 3:16-4:9). The leaves are arranged in octavo. Some leaves are in disorder.[3]

The text is written in one column per page, 17 lines per page.[2][4] It is written in beautiful, and round minuscule letters, the initial letters are in gold and colour.[3] It has regular breathings and accents.

The text is divided into the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the Ammonian Sections (in Mark 233 Sections), whose numbers are given at the margin with references to the Eusebian Canons (written below Ammonian Section numbers).[3]

It contains Paschal Canon, the Epistula ad Carpianum, the Eusebian Canon tables, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, and synaxaria.[5][3]

It has a colophon with the date A.D. 964. Before the discovery of the Uspenski Gospels it was the oldest known dated minuscule.[5]

The texts of Matt 1:1-9; 3:16-4:9 were supplied by a later hand in the 15th century.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type.[6] Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Kx.[7] Aland placed it in Category V.[8]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it belongs to the textual family Kx in Luke 1 and Luke 20. In Luke 10 no profile was made.[7]

The spurious text of the Pericope Adulterae is marked by an asterisk.


According to the colophon the manuscript was εγραφθη νικηφορου βασιλευοντος ινδ,[9] which means 964 AD.[3]

It was in private hands and belonged to Cardinal Mazarin (along with minuscule 305, 311, 313, and 324). It became a part of collection of Kuster (Paris 7). It was examined and described by Bernard de Montfaucon, Wettstein,[10] Scholz, and Burgon. Scholz collated Matthew 7-21; Mark 1-6; Luke 3-4; 9; 11; John 3-9.[3] C. R. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1884.[3]

The codex now is located at the National Library of France (Gr. 70) at Paris.[2][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 48. 
  2. ^ a b c Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments (2 ed.). Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 47. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testamentes. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. p. 131. 
  4. ^ a b "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 2014-01-31. 
  5. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. pp. 192–193. 
  6. ^ C. v. Tischendorf, Novum Testamentum Graece. Editio Septima, Lipsiae 1859, p. CXCV.
  7. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 53. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  8. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  9. ^ J. M. A. Scholz, Biblisch-kritische Reise in Frankreich, der Schweiz, Italien, Palästine und im Archipel in den Jahren 1818, 1819, 1820, 1821: Nebst einer Geschichte des Textes des Neuen Testaments (Leipzig, 1823), p. 4
  10. ^ Wettstein, Johann Jakob (1751). Novum Testamentum Graecum editionis receptae cum lectionibus variantibus codicum manuscripts (in Latin). 1. Amsterdam: Ex Officina Dommeriana. p. 47. Retrieved November 14, 2010. 

Further reading[edit]