Minuscule 77

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Minuscule 77
New Testament manuscript
Name Vindob. Theol. Gr. 154
Text Gospels
Date 11th century
Script Greek
Now at Austrian National Library
Size 24 cm by 18.5 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Hand very neat

Minuscule 77 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), A143 (von Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment leaves. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 11th century.[2] It has complex contents and full marginalia.


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels with a commentary on 302 leaves (size 24 cm by 18.5 cm).[2] The parchment is thin. The biblical text written in 21 lines per page, the text of commentary in 54 lines per page.[3] It is written in very neat minuscule letters.[4] The initial letters are in colour.[3]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and the τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the Ammonian Sections (in Mark 233 sections – the last in 16:8), and references to the Eusebian Canons (written below Ammonian Section numbers).[3]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum, Eusebian Canon tables, Prolegomena, lists of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) are placed before each of the Gospels.[4] Lectionary markings (for liturgical use) and synaxaria added by a later hand.[4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[5] It was not examined by the Claremont Profile Method.[6]


The manuscript once belonged to Matthias Corvinus, the great King of Hungary (1458-1490) (as codex 78).[4] It was collated in 1773 by Treschow,[7] and by Alter.[4] Alter used it in his edition of the Greek text of the New Testament.[8] C. R. Gregory saw it in 1887.[3]

It is currently housed at the Austrian National Library (Theol. gr. 154), at Vienna.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 50. 
  2. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 51.
  3. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 147. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 204. 
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 54. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  7. ^ H. G. Treschow, Tentamen Descriptionis codicum veterum aliquot Graecorum Novi Foederis manuscriptorum (Copenhagen, 1773).
  8. ^ Karl Alter, Novum Testamentum Graecum, ad Codicem Vindobonensem Graece expressum: Varietam Lectionis addidit Franciscus Carolus Alter, 2 vols. 8vo, Vienna, 1786-1787.

Further reading[edit]