Minuscule 78

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Minuscule 78
New Testament manuscript
Name Codex Nicolae Jancovich de Vadass
Text Gospels
Date 12th century
Script Greek
Now at National Széchényi Library
Size 20.8 cm by 15 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note full marginalia

Minuscule 78 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 1209 (von Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment leaves. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 12th century.[2] It has complex contents and full marginalia.


The codex contains complete text of the four Gospels with a commentary on 296 leaves (size 20.8 cm by 15 cm). The text is written in one column per page, 22 lines per page.[2] The initial letters in red.[3]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, with the τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages.[3]

It contains the Eusebian Tables, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, lectionary markings at the margin (for liturgical use), synaxaria, and pictures.[4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Kx.[5] Aland placed it in Category V.[6] According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents the textual cluster 127 in Luke 1 and Luke 20. In Luke 10 no profile was made. It is close to 1052.[5]


The manuscript was once in the library of King Matthias Corvinus (as codex 77). In 1527 the library was scattered by Turks. About 1686 the codex fell into the hands of S. B., then of J. G. Carpzov of Leipzig. It was collated by C. F. Boerner.[4]

It is currently housed at the Országos Széchényi Könyvtár (Cod. Graec. 1), at Budapest.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 50. 
  2. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 51.
  3. ^ a b Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 147. 
  4. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 205. 
  5. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 54. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 

Further reading[edit]