Miraflores District, Lima

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Miraflores
District
Miraflores is one of the wealthiest residential districts in Lima.
Miraflores is one of the wealthiest residential districts in Lima.
Coat of arms of Miraflores
Coat of arms
Location of Miraflores in the Lima province
Location of Miraflores in the Lima province
Coordinates: 12°07′03″S 77°02′35″W / 12.11750°S 77.04306°W / -12.11750; -77.04306Coordinates: 12°07′03″S 77°02′35″W / 12.11750°S 77.04306°W / -12.11750; -77.04306
Country  Peru
Region Lima
Province Lima
Founded January 2, 1857
Government
 • Mayor Jorge Muñoz
Area
 • Total 9.62 km2 (3.71 sq mi)
Elevation 79 m (259 ft)
Population (2005 census)
 • Total 92,815
 • Density 9,600/km2 (25,000/sq mi)
Time zone PET (UTC-5)
UBIGEO 150122
Website miraflores.gob.pe

Miraflores is a district of the Lima Province in Peru. Known for its shopping areas, gardens, flower-filled parks and beaches, it is one of the upscale districts that make up the city of Lima.

Originally founded as San Miguel de Miraflores, it was established officially as a district on January 2, 1857. As a result of the Battle of Miraflores fought during the War of the Pacific, Miraflores got the designation of Ciudad Heroica ("Heroic City"). The current mayor is Jorge Muñoz. The district's postal code is 18.

Geography[edit]

The district has a total land area of 9.62 km². Its administrative center is located 79 meters above sea level.

Boundaries

Climate Miraflores has a marine climate, characterized by mild, humid and comfortable conditions. Temperatures oscillate from 14 °C (57 °F) to 19 °C (66 °F) in winter, and from 19 °C (66 °F) to 28 °C (82 °F) in summer. Low clouds are frequent, especially during winter, when morning drizzles are not uncommon. Heavy rain is almost unseen.

History[edit]

Huaca Pucllana, a pre-Inca ruin in Miraflores.

The only pre-Inca ruin remaining in Miraflores, Huaca Pucllana (formerly Hispanicized as Juliana) can still be seen. The Spanish town of Miraflores was established in the 16th century. However it was merged into the Lima Metropolitan Area as the city expanded during the early 20th century. During the War of the Pacific(1879–1885), the district was the scene of the Battle of Miraflores. Two thousand people died as a result and the district was sacked and burned by Chilean invaders.

Iglesia Virgen Milagrosa Miraflores Lima PE

Demographics[edit]

According to a 2002 estimate by the INEI, the district has 92,815 inhabitants and a population density of 9,648.1 persons/km². In 1999, there were 27,489 households in the district.

Culture and education[edit]

The district is also a cultural center, with theaters, cinemas and art galleries. It also has a pre-Inca mud-brick temple called the Huaca Pucllana, one of a number of archaeological sites found in Lima.

Huaca Pucllana, Miraflores, Lima, Peru

In terms of education, the Miraflores district lodges some of the most prestigious private schools in Peru, such as Markham College, and San Silvestre School (British schools), Deutsche Schule Alexander von Humboldt Lima [1](German school), and Pestalozzi [2](Swiss school. It also lodges the University of Piura.

Economy[edit]

Tourism dominates the economy of the district. LAN Perú has its headquarters in Miraflores.[1] The former airline Aeroperú also had its headquarters in Miraflores.[2][3]

Entertainment[edit]

Miraflores beach

The district is full of hotels, cafés, pubs, restaurants and shops, which draw large crowds of the local population on Sundays. Parque Kennedy, Miraflores' central plaza, regularly has flea markets and art exhibitions. Larcomar, a shopping mall overlooking the Pacific coast, is located in Miraflores, and is very popular among tourists, young people, and the middle and upper classes. There are restaurants, stores, a food court, ice cream shops, arcades, bowling alleys, nightclubs, bars, and the most modern cinema in Lima.

The main tourist attractions include La Huaca Pucllana, Kennedy Park, the chuch of the Miraculous Virgin (Iglesia Virgen Milagrosa), the Lover's Park (Parque del amor), Larcomar, and Calle de las Pizzas (Pizza Street). The Calle de las Pizzas, located in downtown Miraflores, is a favourite among the youth, foreigners and locals alike; it has many pubs, and as it name implies, offers not only drinks but also varieties of pizzas.

Miraflores has always been a major hub for tourists in Lima. There are a number of hotels in the area, including a couple of international hotel brands. Furthermore, there are several shops selling souvenirs and tourist products. The Miraflores Park Hotel is one of the districts 5-star hotels.

Education[edit]

There are public and private schools in Miraflores and the majority and the best schools are the private ones most of them are Catholics. Schools are divide into Primary (grades 1-6) and Secondary School (grades 1-5). Because school is only 11 years the University education is 5 years (undergraduate). The best private schools in Miraflores are: Markham, Pestalozzi, Villa Maria Miraflores, Alexander Von Humboldt, St. George's College, Nuestra Señora del Carmen and María de las Mercedes. All kind of sports is one of the priorities of these private schools who compete each other during the school year. The school year start in March and end in December.

The Humboldt I campus of the Deutsche Schule Lima Alexander von Humboldt (Colegio Peruano Alemán Alexander von Humboldt), a German international school, is located in Miraflores.[4]

Costa Verde[edit]

Church of la Virgen Milagrosa

The Costa Verde ("green coast") area has several beaches, which draw surfers and beachgoers during the summertime. However, these rocky beaches are not as popular with bathers as the large, sandy beaches in the districts south of Lima, such as Santa María del Mar, Punta Hermosa and Punta Negra. La Marina Lighthouse is located on the cliffs overlooking the Costa Verde.

Paragliders launch from the coastal cliffs, providing there is enough wind.

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Directory: World Airlines." Flight International. March 23–29, 2004. "Lan Peru" 98.
  2. ^ "Our Offices in Peru." Aeroperú. August 13, 1997. Retrieved on March 14, 2010.
  3. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 20–26, 1996. "Aeroperu" 44.
  4. ^ "Direcciones"/"Adresse." Deutsche Schule Lima Alexander von Humboldt. Retrieved on 16 March 2015. "Humboldt I: Av. Benavides 3081 Ingreso: Marko Jara Schenone s/n. Miraflores (Lima 18) – Perú" and "Humboldt II: Av. Benavides 3572 Surco (Lima 33) – Perú" and "Centro recreativo Huampaní:[or]Schullandheim: Alto de la Luna s/n Huampaní"
  5. ^ Pensacola Sister Cities

External links[edit]

Lima travel guide from Wikivoyage