Mirza Ahmad Ispahani

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Mirza Ahmad Ispahani
Died1986 (aged 87–88)
Known forOwner of Ispahani Group
ChildrenMirza Mehdy Ispahani
RelativesMirza Abol Hassan Ispahani (brother)
Mirza Mehdy Ispahani (son)
Mirza Ali Behrouze Ispahani (grandson)

Mirza Ahmad Ispahani (1898–1986) was an Indian (later Pakistani and then Bangladeshi) businessman and the patriarch of the Ispahani family based in Chittagong. He was the founder of Orient Airways and the first chairman of Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). He was the chairman of Ispahani Group.[1]

Early life[edit]

Mirza Ahmad Ispahani, eldest son of Mirza Mohammed Ispahani,[2] was born in Rangoon, Burma in 1898. He went to school in Madras, India and after matriculation at age 20 he joined his father's business in Calcutta, India.[3]


A short time after joining the business, Ispahani was made a junior partner. When his father died in May 1925, he became the senior partner of the firm along with two other partners, his brothers, Mirza Abol Hassan Ispahani and Mirza Mahmood Ispahani. In 1934, M. M. Ispahani and partnership was converted to a limited liability company in Kolkata.[2][4] Orient Airways was founded by Mirza Ahmad Ispahani and Adamjee Haji Dawood on 23 October 1946.[5] In 1947 the company was moved to Chittagong, East Pakistan.[2][4] In 1965 he founded the Ispahani Islamia Eye Institute and Hospital in Dhaka.[6] On 11 March 1955 Orient Airways was merged with a proposed airline of the Pakistan Government and turned into Pakistan International Airlines Corporation, the national airline of Pakistan.[5] The company expanded into multi-dimensional business activities including jute, tea, textiles, engineering, shipping, matches and plywood.[2] He was the first exporter of tea from Bangladesh.[7]


Mirza Ahmed Ispahani High School in Chittagong is named after him.[8] He had one son, Sadri Ispahani.[9] His grandson was Behrouze Ispahani.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "A legacy worth remembering". The Daily Star. 2017-02-06. Retrieved 2018-02-26.
  2. ^ a b c d "Tributes to a business icon". The Daily Star. 2017-01-24. Retrieved 2018-02-26.
  3. ^ The EFU saga the making of an institution within the context of the creation of Pakistan. M. Yunus D & Printers. 2001.
  4. ^ a b "Ispahani Group boss Mirza Ali Behrouze Ispahani passes away". bdnews24.com. Retrieved 2018-02-26.
  5. ^ a b "PIA - THE UNFORTUNATE - Daily Times". Daily Times. 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2018-02-26.
  6. ^ "Subscribe to read". Financial Times. Retrieved 2018-02-26.
  7. ^ Rob, GMF Abdur. "Remembering MA Ispahani". The Daily Star. Retrieved 2018-02-26.
  8. ^ "Six Ctg educational institutions shut for overcharging". The Daily Star. 2017-04-11. Retrieved 2018-02-26.
  9. ^ "In memoriam". The Daily Star. Retrieved 2018-02-26.