Le dessous des cartes
|Le dessous des cartes (French) / Mit offenen Karten (German)|
|Music by||Guy Skornik|
|Country of origin||France – Germany|
|Original language(s)||French / German|
|Running time||~10 min|
|Original release||1990 on sept and 1992 on ARTE – present|
Le Dessous Des Cartes (Mit offenen Karten in German, literally translated "with open cards", or 'maps') is a weekly broadcast on geopolitics from the Franco-German Arte channel. The show uses maps as visual support. It stars the geographer and geo-politician Jean-Christophe Victor (son of the explorer Paul-Emile Victor).
The content of the show is jointly prepared by Jean-Christophe Victor and the "Laboratoire d'études politiques et d'analyses cartographiques" (Laboratory for Political Studies and Map analysis), known as LEPAC, and of which he is the founder and main shareholder.
Programming and format
The show was first aired from 1990 to 1992, on La Sept until it stopped broadcasting, and has been on air since 1992 on the Franco-German channel Arte. The show is broadcast every Saturday at 20h00 (Paris local time, UTC+1) and rebroadcast several times a week. The format of the show has changed little since the first episode. However, the episode length expanded from 7 to 11 minutes. The transition from 11 to 26 minutes referred to by Jean-Christophe Victor in 2002 was abandoned.
Structure of the show
In general, the show runs as follows:
- Generic top
- Introduction – Jean-Christophe Victor introduces the topic of the show on a neutral background
- Development – maps, animations and sometimes pictures while Jean-Christophe Victor talks.
- Conclusion – Jean-Christophe Victor concludes the program on a neutral point of view
- Bibliography of books which served as sources and / or may give the viewer further insight into the topic
- End Credits
Maps and visualization methods
Topographic maps are based on the Ordnance Survey Oxford Cartographers. The most commonly used Map projection is that of Eckert (the Pseudo-cylindrical projection). The show also uses satellite imagery from Google Earth and the first use was in the episode named: "Nigeria, rich state poor country."
Program production cycle
The Laboratoire d'études politiques et d'analyses cartographiques (LEPAC) produces about forty episodes a year for the channel Arte. The subjects for most episodes are decided a year in advance to allow time for production. This delay in the selection of themes allows a certain hindsight regarding the chosen topic. However, on occasion, the topic of an episode is more closely related to current events. For example, the episode "Tsunami, a natural phenomenon" aired just three months after the events in South-East Asia..
The subjects of the show
Of the 300 programs (from March 2001 to May 2008), 210 (70%) have a geographical approach and 84 (28%) have a thematic approach. 6 issues remain unclassifiable: introspective (ex: "La Methode le Dessous des Cartes") or dreamers (ex: "A journey with Corto Maltese, Turkey to Samarkand"). For information and the geographical most commonly accepted:
- Africa (29)
- Latin America (21)
- Anglo-Saxon America (12)
- Europe (53)
- Polar worlds (11)
- Central Asia (10)
- East Asia (35)
- Middle East (36)
- Oceania (1)
Anecdote: The issue of 29 March 2000, for the week of April 1, is a parody of the show itself. The producing team of the show made what could be the episode of 1 April 3000 by offering a retrospective view of the past thousand years.
The methods and objectives of the programme
In a special 10th birthday episode named "La méthode du Dessous des Cartes", the aims of the show were outlined:
- Give way to Geography
- Give meaning through History
- Cross disciplines
- Everything is connected
- Avoid Ethnocentrism
- Giving a try at Future studies
- Take a stand
The main, oft repeated aim of the show is "to understand rather than to inform."
The main positions of the show and its sponsors are as follows: in favor of Human rights, Sustainable development, and the Proposals for a Palestinian state, and against the concepts of Ethnic cleansing, Just War and The Clash of Civilizations (as suggested for example by Samuel P. Huntington).
- Prix Encyclopædia Universalis 1995
- Grand Prix Video 1996 of the Académie Charles Cros
- La Clio de l'image 1997
- Jean-Christophe Victor, Frank Tétart and Virginie Raisson, Le Dessous des cartes : Atlas géopolitique, map of Frederick Lernoud, ed. Arte and Tallandier, 2005, (ISBN 2847342346).
- Jean-Christophe Victor, Frank Tétart and Virginie Raisson, Le Dessous des cartes 2 : Tome 2, Atlas d'un monde qui change, map of Lernoud Frederick, ed. Arte and Tallandier, 2007, (ISBN 2847344667).
- Jean-Christophe Victor, Frank Tétart and Virginie Raisson, Le Dessous des Cartes : Coffret en 2 volumes : Atlas géopolitique ; Atlas d'un monde qui change, map of Lernoud Frederick, ed. Arte and Tallandier, 2008 (ISBN 284734540X).
Video on demand
The site artevod (www.artevod.fr) offers the episodes of the show for download in the Windows Media Video format.
Each semester, Arte Video and LEPAC publish a DVD. The DVD includes 12 to 20 episodes of the show regarding a theme. DVDs released so far:
- Latin America, the other America;
- African continent;
- The unity of China;
- USA, an imperialistic geography;
- Geopolitics and Religion;
- Europe, a model geopolitics?;
- Europe as an alternative?;
- Polar worlds;
- Middle East geopolitical pivot;
- A planet in relief.
School text Book
- Le dessous des cartes Terminale : L’espace mondial
- Le dessous des cartes Première : L’Europe et la France
- Le dessous des cartes Seconde : Les Hommes occupent et aménagent la Terre
- Le dessous des cartes Troisième : Le Monde d’aujourd’hui