Modernizr

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Modernizr
Modernizr logo.svg
Original author(s)Faruk Ateş
Developer(s)Faruk Ateş, Paul Irish, Alex Sexton, Ryan Seddon, Patrick Kettner, Stu Cox, Richard Herrera, and contributors
Initial releaseJuly 1, 2009; 10 years ago (2009-07-01)[1]
Stable release
3.11.2 / May 19, 2020; 2 days ago (2020-05-19)[2]
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written inJavaScript
TypeJavaScript library
LicenseMIT; it was dual-licensed MIT-BSD from June 14, 2010[3] to September 15, 2012[4]
Websitemodernizr.com

Modernizr is a JavaScript library that detects the features available in a user's browser. This lets web pages avoid unsupported features by informing the user their browser isn't supported or loading a polyfill. Modernizr aims to provide feature detection in a consistent and easy to use manner that discourages the use of failure-prone browser sniffing[5].

Overview[edit]

Many HTML5 and CSS 3 features are already implemented in at least one major browser.[6] Modernizr determines whether the user's browser has implemented a given feature.[7][8][9][10] This lets developers take advantage of new features that browsers support, yet create fallbacks for browsers that lack support. In both 2010 and 2011, Modernizr won the .net Award for Open Source App of the Year, and in 2011 one of its lead developers, Paul Irish, won the Developer of the Year award.[11]

Function[edit]

Modernizr uses feature detection, rather than checking the browser's property, to discern what a browser can and cannot do. It considers feature detection more reliable since the same rendering engine may not necessarily support the same things in two different browsers using that engine. In addition, some users change their user agent string to get around websites that block features for browsers with specific user agent settings, despite their browsers having the necessary capabilities.

Modernizr offers tests for more than 250 features, then creates a JavaScript object (named "Modernizr") that contains the results of these tests as boolean properties. It also adds classes to the HTML element based on what features are and are not natively supported.

To perform feature detection tests, Modernizr often creates an element, sets a specific style instruction on that element and then immediately tries to retrieve that setting. Web browsers that understand the instruction will return something sensible; browsers that don't understand it will return nothing or "undefined". Modernizr uses the result to assess whether that feature is supported by the web browser.[citation needed]

Many tests in the documentation come with a small code sample to illustrate how a specific test can be used in web development workflow.

Running[edit]

When it runs, it creates a global object called Modernizr that contains a set of Boolean properties for each feature it can detect. For example, if a browser supports the canvas API, the Modernizr.canvas property will be true. If the browser does not support the canvas API, the Modernizr.canvas property will be false:

  if (Modernizr.canvas) {
    // let's draw some shapes...!
  } else {
    // no native canvas support available :(
  }

Limitations[edit]

The library is simply a feature-detection method and as such, does not add missing functionality to older browsers.[12]

Examples[edit]

Modernizr JavaScript example[edit]

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html class="no-js" lang="en">
<head>
	<title>Modernizr - JavaScript Example</title>
	
</head>
<body>
	<p id="result">Modernizr won’t run if javascript is not enabled.</p>
</body>
	<script src="path/to/modernizr.js"></script>

	<script>
		elem = document.getElementById('result');
		if ( Modernizr.websockets ) {
			elem.innerHTML = 'Your browser supports WebSockets.';
		} else {
			elem.innerHTML ='Your browser does not support WebSockets.' ;
		}
	</script>
</html>

CSS example[edit]

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html class="no-js" lang="en">
<head>
	<title>Modernizr - CSS Example</title>
	
	<style>
		.wsno,
		.wsyes,
		.js .no-js { display: none; }
		/* Modernizr will add one of the following classes to the HTML element based on
                   whether or not WebSockets is supported by the user's browser. */
		.no-websockets .wsno,
		.websockets .wsyes { display: block; }
	</style>
	
</head>
<body>
	
	<p class="wsno">Your browser does not support WebSockets.</p>
	
	<p class="wsyes">Your browser supports WebSockets.</p>

	<p class="no-js">Modernizr won’t run if javascript is not enabled.</p>
</body>
<script src="path/to/modernizr.js"></script>
</html>

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Faruk Ateş (1 July 2009). "Proudly Announcing Modernizr".
  2. ^ "Releases · Modernizr/Modernizr". Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  3. ^ "Modernizr 1.5: new features, unit tests added". Modernizr. 14 June 2010. Retrieved 30 July 2013.
  4. ^ "Remove BSD license and improve readme". GitHub. 15 September 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2013.
  5. ^ "What is Modernizr". Retrieved 25 December 2019.
  6. ^ "CSS3 Cheat Sheet for Beginners".
  7. ^ Faruk Ateş (June 22, 2010). "Taking Advantage of HTML5 and CSS3 with Modernizr".
  8. ^ Gil Fink (Jan 10, 2011). "Detecting HTML5 Features Using Modernizr".
  9. ^ Daniel Sellergren (Feb 2011). "Using Modernizr to Determine HTML5 CSS3 Support". Archived from the original on 2013-08-22.
  10. ^ David Powers. "Using Modernizr to detect HTML5 and CSS3 browser support".
  11. ^ .net Awards 2011:#7. Open Source App of the Year: Modernizr 2.0, #16. Developer of the Year: Paul Irish
  12. ^ "HTML 5 elements in IE". Retrieved 2012-06-14.

External links[edit]