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|Native name||محمد عبد الحي|
1 January 1944|
|Died||23 August 1989
|Occupation||poet, literary critic|
|Alma mater||Khartoum University
University of Leeds
University of Oxford
Abdul-Hayy was born in Ad-Damir on 1 January 1944. His father worked as an architect, and his mother was the daughter of an architect. Abdul-Hayy accompanied his father on his travels, giving him an understanding of the diverse and multiracial culture of Sudan. This had a great influence on his poetry, which focuses on the dilemma of identity in Sudan.
Education and academic career
Abdul-Hayy initially studied medicine, but his interests led him to change his area of study to the arts. Abdul-Hayy entered Khartoum University in 1962. While studying Abdul-Hayy was published in many Sudanese newspapers, such as Al-Rayaam.
Mohammed Abdul-Hayy was awarded a Bachelor of Arts from Khartoum University in 1967, and then appointed as teaching assistant in the English department. He then got a scholarship and was sent to England, where he was awarded a Master of Arts in English literature from Leeds University in 1970. Abdul-Hayy's thesis focused on the Scottish poet Edwin Muir. Abdul-Hayy was awarded a PhD in Comparative Literature from Oxford University in 1973. His PhD focused on the influence of American and English romantic thinking on Arabic poetry. After obtaining his PhD Abdul-Hayy returned to Sudan, teaching English and comparative literature at Khartoum University. He served as head of the Department of English from 1978 to 1980. Abdul-Hayy had two daughters, Shiraz and Reel, and two sons, Waddah and Mohammed Elmoatz. Mohammed Abdul-Hayy died on 23 August 1989 in Soba University Hospital, Khartoum.
In 1973 Abdul-Hayy released his poem Alawada alla Sennar (Return to Sennar). Alawada alla Sennar focused on the Sudanese national identity, and used the Kingdom of Sennar as a historical symbol of African and Arabic coexistence. Alawada alla Sennar gained widespread acclaim within the Arab world upon publication.
- Alawada alla Sennar (Return to Sennar) (1973)
- Moaʾalakat al isharat (The Signals) (1977)
- Al-samandal yughanni (The Newt Sings) (1977)
- Hadiqat al-ward al-akhirah (The Last Rose Garden) (1984)
- Allah fizaman alʾunf" (God in the Time of Violence) (1993)
- Ruʾt al-malik (The King's Vision) (1973)
- Conflict and Identity: The Cultural Poetics of Contemporary Sudanese Poetry (1967)
- The Angel and the Girl: Necessity and Liberty in Edwin Muir’s Works (1970)
- The Greek Myth in Contemporary Arabic Poetry (1900–1950): Study in Comparative Literature (1977)
- English Poets in Arabic: The Arab Romantics’ Knowledge of English Poetry (1900–1950): A Study in Comparative Literature (1980)
- Tradition and English and American Influence in Arabic Romantic Poetry: A Study in Comparative Literature (1982)
- Vision and Words: A Reading in al-Tijani Yousuf Basheer’s Poetry (1985)
- Documentary research by Dr. Naja'at Mahm'od Ahmed published in