|Minister of Iron and Steel Mines|
|Prime Minister||Indira Gandhi|
|Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) for Pondicherry|
|Prime Minister||Indira Gandhi|
|Advocate-General for Madras State|
|Preceded by||N. Krishnaswami Reddy|
|Succeeded by||Govind Swaminadhan|
|Born||1 November 1916
London, United Kingdom
|Died||30 May 1973(aged 56)|
|Political party||Communist Party of India,
Indian National Congress
|Relations||General P. P. Kumaramangalam,
Surendra Mohan Kumaramangalam (Tamil: சுரேந்திர மோகன் குமாரமங்கலம்) (b. 1 November 1916 - d. 30 May 1973) was an Indian politician and communist theorist who was a member of the Communist Party of India, and later, the Indian National Congress. He served as a member of Lok Sabha for Pondicherry from 1971 to 1972. He also served as Advocate-General for Madras State from 1966 to 1967.
Early life and education
Mohan Kumaramangalam was born in London to P. Subbarayan, then zamindar of Kumaramangalam in Salem district and later, Chief Minister of Madras Presidency and his wife, Radhabai Subbarayan on 1 November 1916. He was their third and youngest son, P. P. Kumaramangalam and Gopal Kumaramangalam being elder to him. Kumaramangalam was educated at Eton and King's College, Cambridge, serving as President of the Cambridge Union Society in 1938. During his period at Cambridge he was deeply influenced by communism.
In the Indian Independence movement
In 1941, Kumaramangalam was arrested along with P. Ramamurthi, C. S. Subramaniam and R. Umanath for distributing seditious pamphlets in what came to be known as the Madras Conspiracy Case. Kumaramangalam was later released. During the Second World War Kumaramangalam served as the editor of the communist magazine, People's War, which on the conclusion of hostilities he renamed as People's Age.
In the days following India's independence Madras Presidency was gripped by a peasant rebellion, which compelled the provincial government to launch a crackdown on communists. Kumaramangalam was arrested along with other communist leaders and released after the rebellion had subsided. Kumaramangalam favoured friendly relations with the Soviet Union and established the Indo-Soviet Cultural Society. However, with the onset of the 1960s Kumaramangalam began distancing himself from communism. He served as Advocate General of Madras. Following the victory of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam in the 1967 Tamil Nadu Assembly elections, Kumaramangalam resigned from the Communist Party of India and joined the Indian National Congress.
Kumaramangalam was loyal to Indira Gandhi when the party split and was elected to the Lok Sabha from Pondicherry in the 1971 elections. He was the driving force behind Indira Gandhi's decision in 1973, to appoint Ajit Nath Ray was the Chief Justice of India superseding three senior judges of the Supreme Court of India - J. M. Shelat, A.N Grover and K. S. Hegde.
He served as the Minister of Steel and Mines from 1971 until his death in 1973.
Kumaramangalam was killed in the crash of Indian Airlines Flight 440 on 30 May 1973 at the age of 56. Many of the dead were unidentifiable, but his body was identified by a Parker pen and a hearing aid he wore.
Mohan Kumaramangalam married Kalyani Mukerjee, niece of Bengali politician Ajoy Mukherjee in 1943. Ajoy Mukherjee, later, served as the Chief Minister of West Bengal. The couple had a son, Rangarajan Kumaramangalam and two daughters. Rangarajan Kumaramangalam was a member of the Indian National Congress and later, the Bharatiya Janata Party and served as a minister in the Narasimha Rao and Atal Behari Vajpayee governments. Mohan's daughter, Lalitha Kumaramangalam contested the 2004 and 2009 Lok Sabha elections as a Bharatiya Janata Party candidate from Tiruchirapalli and lost on both occasions. The older daughter is Uma Kumaramangalam who was Physics teacher Bal Krishan Kalra's student at Springdale Higher Secondary School in Delhi and is married to Malay Mukherjee.
Mohan Kumaramangalam's brother P. P. Kumaramangalam was a distinguished army officer who served as India's Chief of Army Staff. His sister, Parvathi Krishnan was a politician of the Communist Party of India and served three terms as Member of Parliament from Coimbatore.
Mohan Kumaramangalam was a prominent communist theorist and authored a number of books and pamphlets. Some of his works include:
- Mohan Kumaramangalam (1944). A New Germany in birth. People's Publishing House.
- Mohan Kumaramangalam; Boda Chen (1944). Critique of CHina's destiny: Review of Marshal Chiang Kai Shek's book. People's Publishing House.
- Mohan Kumaramangalam; Enlai Zhou, Vladimir Rogov,Zhongguo gong chan dang (1944). Who threatens China's unity. People's Publishing House.
- Mohan Kumaramangalam (1945). The United Nations: Instrument for peace or dictatorship of the big five. People's Publishing House.
- Mohan Kumaramangalam (1946). Iran at the Crossroads. People's Publishing House.
- Mohan Kumaramangalam (1946). India's fight for equality in South Africe. People's Publishing House.
- Mohan Kumaramangalam (1947). India and the UNO. People's Publishing House.
- Mohan Kumaramangalam (1965). India's language crisis: an introductory study. New Century Book House.
- Mohan Kumaramangalam (1966). Democracy and cult of the individual. National Book Club.
- Mohan Kumaramangalam (1971). Constitutional amendments: the reason why. All India Congress Committee.
- Mohan Kumaramangalam (1973). Coal industry in India: nationalisation and tasks ahead. Oxford & IBH Pub. Co.,.
- Mohan Kumaramangalam (1973). Communists in Congress:Kumaramangalam's thesis. D. K. Pub. House. at Google Books
- Mohan Kumaramangalam (1973). Judicial appointments: an analysis of the recent controversy over the appointment of the Chief Justice of India. Oxford & IBH Pub. Co.,.
- "Pondicherry General (Lok Sabha) Election Results 2014". Maps of India. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- Parameshwar Narain Haksar (1979). Premonitions. Interpress. p. 188.
- Austin, Granville (1999). Working a Democratic Constitution - A History of the Indian Experience. New Delhi: Oxford University Press. p. 182. ISBN 0-19-565610-5.
- Far Eastern economic review, Volumes 79-80. Review Publishing Co. Ltd. 1973.
- M. Chalapathi N. Y. Sharada Prasad, and B. R. Nanda (1982). Selected works of Jawaharlal Nehru. Orient Longman. p. 502.
- Dandapani Jayakanthan (2006). A literary man's political experiences. READ Books. p. 24. ISBN 1406735698, ISBN 978-1-4067-3569-7.
- "Statistical Reports on the General Elections to the 5th Lok Sabha, 1971" (PDF). Election Commission of India.
- 3 Americans survive, but 4 die in New Delhi crash
- "Kumaramangalam family's role in development remembered". The Hindu. 17 October 2004.
- Edwards, Peter (11 March 2014). "Canadian on missing Malaysian Airlines plane lost grandfather to 1973 plane crash". Toronto Star. Retrieved 15 February 2016.