Molar refractivity

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Molar refractivity, , is a measure of the total polarizability of a mole of a substance and is dependent on the temperature, the index of refraction, and the pressure.

The molar refractivity is defined as

where is the Avogadro constant and is the mean polarizability of a molecule.

Substituting the molar refractivity into the Lorentz-Lorenz formula gives

For a gas, , so the molar refractivity can be approximated by

In SI units, has units of J mol−1 K−1, has units K, has no units, and has units of Pa, so the units of are m3 mol−1.

In terms of density, ρ molecular weight, M it can be shown that:


  • Born, Max, and Wolf, Emil, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light (7th ed.), section 2.3.3, Cambridge University Press (1999) ISBN 0-521-64222-1