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Molara Ogundipe

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Molara Ogundipe
Abiodun Omolara Ogundipe

(1940-12-27)27 December 1940
Died18 June 2019(2019-06-18) (aged 78)
EducationQueen's School, Ede
Alma materUniversity of London
Leiden University
Occupation(s)Poet, critic, editor, feminist, activist

Omolara Ogundipe-Leslie (27 December 1940 – 18 June 2019),[1] also known as Molara Ogundipe, was a Nigerian poet, critic, editor, feminist and activist. Considered one of the foremost writers on African feminism, gender studies and literary theory, she was a social critic who came to be recognized as a viable authority on African women among black feminists and feminists in general.[2] She contributed the piece "Not Spinning on the Axis of Maleness" to the 1984 anthology Sisterhood Is Global: The International Women's Movement Anthology, edited by Robin Morgan.[3] She is most celebrated for coining the term STIWA[4] or Social Transformation in Africa Including Women.[5]


Abiodun Omolara Ogundipe was born in Lagos, Nigeria, to a family of educators and clergy. She attended Queen's School, Ede, and went on to become the first woman to obtain a first-class BA Honours degree in English at University College Ibadan, then a college of the University of London.[6] She later earned a doctorate in Narratology (the theory of narrative) from Leiden University, one of the oldest universities in Europe. She taught English Studies, Writing, Comparative Literature and Gender from the perspectives of cultural studies and development at universities in several continents,[7] and was also a Professor of English and Comparative Literature at the University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.[8] She rose to prominence early in her career in the midst of a male-dominated artistic field concerned about the problems afflicting African men and women.

Molara Ogundipe was described as being "at the forefront of the theoretical dynamism which is unfolding within African feminism. She has a powerful and deeply ingrained cultural understanding of the dynamics of gender relations in the pre-colonial and colonial Yoruba society as a pivot for theory",[9] Over the years, she was a critic of the oppression of women and argued that African women are more oppressed in their status and roles as wives. In view of their multiple identities, in some of which identities they enjoy status, privilege, recognition and agency. She criticized the plight of African women as due to the impact of imposed colonial and neo-colonial structures that often place African males at the height of social stratification. Their plight is also due to the internalization of patriarchy by African women themselves.[10] She, however, insisted on an understanding of the complexity of the statuses of African women in their pre-colonial and indigenous cultures for any useful discussion or study of African women.

Ogundipe was in the leadership of feminist activism and gender studies in Africa for decades. She was the Founder and Director of the Foundation for International Education and Mentoring, which is dedicated to teaching young women the doctrine and virtues of feminist theories and gender equality.[7]

She lived and worked in West Africa, where she set up writing centres at universities, in addition to her work on literature, gender and film, in contribution to her commitment to inter-generational education and mentoring.

She died at the age of 78 at her home in Ijebu-Igbo, Ogun State, Nigeria, in June 2019.[1][11][12]

She is survived by her two daughters: Dr. (Ts'gye Maryam) Rachel Titilayo Leslie, a scholar of religion in Africa who writes on the significance of African legacies for global culture, and Dr. Isis Imotara Leslie, PhD, a political theorist who has taught at several US universities. Her grandchildren are Askia Tristan Folajimi Leslie, who graduated in Computer Engineering and Coding from the University of California, Berkeley, and Joshua Alessandro Victoriano, who was recently ordained a deacon in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church in Ethiopia.[6]


Molara Ogundipe was in the leadership of feminist and gender studies in Africa since graduating in 1963 from the University of London.[7] She wrote for numerous academic and general publications, and also published books of non-fiction as well as a collection of poetry. Her work is included in anthologies of women's writing: her piece "Not spinning on the axis of Maleness" is in the 1984 anthology Sisterhood Is Global: The International Women's Movement Anthology, edited by Robin Morgan,[3] and poems by her are in the 1992 anthology Daughters of Africa, edited by Margaret Busby.[13][12]


As a Nigerian scholar, critic, educator and activist, Ogundipe is recognized as one of the foremost writers on African women and feminism.[14] She argued for an African-centred feminism that she termed "Stiwanism" (Social Transformation in Africa Including Women) in her book Recreating Ourselves. A distinguished scholar and literary theorist, she published numerous works of poetry and literary criticism in addition to her works cited below.

Stiwanism is concerned with seven principles: "STIWA" 1) resists Western feminism 2) gives specific attention to African women in this contemporary moment 3) brings to the forefront indigenous feminism that has also existed in Africa 4) believes in both inclusion and participation in the socio-political transformation of the African continent 5) contends with a woman's body, personhood, nationhood, and society and how it operates within socio-economic hierarchies 6) is intentionally specific to the individual and collective identity (i.e. religion, class, and marital status) 7) recognizes that there are many factors and identities in Africa and individual personhoods operating in different and contradictory ways.[15]

Ogundipe earlier in her career had posited that a true feminist writer had to understand or describe effectively a woman's viewpoint and how to tell the story about a woman. She strongly believed that rediscovering the role of women in Nigeria's social and political institutions may be the best way to improve those institutions. She was known as a writer whose works capture most vividly the complexities of African life. In Re-Creating Ourselves: African Women and Critical Transformations, she wrote brilliantly about the dilemma of writing in her traditional language and men's resistance to gender equality.[2] Through the vast literary experiences and many gender-related writings, Ogundipe provided "intricate oeuvre" that enable African feminists to engage in bringing meaningful changes in issues related to gender, family and society that can drive national and continental development.[9]


  • Sew the Old Days and Other Poems, 1985
  • Re-Creating Ourselves: African Women & Critical Transformations, 1994
  • (ed.) Women as Oral Artists, 1994
  • (ed. with Carole Boyce-Davies) Moving Beyond Boundaries, April 1995 (two volumes).
  • Gender and subjectivity. Readings of "Song of Lawino". Dissertation Leiden University. Leiden, CNWS, 1999


  1. ^ a b Ugbodaga, Kazeem (20 June 2019). "Molara Ogundipe, frontline Nigerian Feminist dies". PM News.
  2. ^ a b Douglas, Carol Anne, "Women in Nigeria Today", off our backs, Washington, 30 November 1987.
  3. ^ a b "Table of Contents: Sisterhood is Global". Catalog.vsc.edu. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  4. ^ "Re-creating ourselves : African women & critical transformations : Ogundipe-Leslie, Molara : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming". Internet Archive. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  5. ^ Ogundipe-Leslie, Molara (1994). Re-Creating Ourselves: African Women & Amp; Critical Transformations. Africa Word Press.
  6. ^ a b "OBITUARY: The Passing of Professor Molara Ogundipe-Leslie", Premium Times, 20 June 2019.
  7. ^ a b c Edozie, Udeze (2013). "Everyone should pay attention to politics". Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  8. ^ Medeme, Ovwe (2013). "Everyone should pay attention to politics". Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  9. ^ a b Olaopa, Tunji (2016). "Omolara Ogundipe-Leslie: Between the Literary, the Feminine and the Cultural". Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  10. ^ Edward, Jane Kani, "Issues of Concern for African Ferminists", in Sudanese Women Refugees: Transformations and Future Imaginings, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, p. 55.
  11. ^ "Literary giant Omolara Ogundipe-Leslie dies at 78", The Guardian (Nigeria), 21 June 2019.
  12. ^ a b Obi-Young, Otosirieze (21 June 2019). "Molara Ogundipe, Poet, Editor, & Founder of the Stiwanist Movement in Feminism, Passes on at 78". Brittle Paper. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  13. ^ Busby, Margaret (ed.), Daughters of Africa, Jonathan Cape: 1992, p. 766.
  14. ^ "Buhari mourns Prof Ogundipe-Molara". Punch Newspapers. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  15. ^ Edwin, Shirin (2016). "Connecting Vocabularies". Connecting Vocabularies:: A Grammar of Histories, Politics, and Priorities in African and Islamic Feminisms. Expressing Feminism in Islam in Northern Nigerian Fiction. Northwestern University Press. pp. 35–76. ISBN 9780810133686. JSTOR j.ctt22727xh.7. {{cite book}}: |journal= ignored (help)


  • Gay Wilentz: "Review: Postcolonial / Postmodern: What's in a Wor(l)d?" College English, Vol. 56, No. 1 (January 1994).
  • Gibreel M. Kamara: "The Feminist Struggle in the Senegalese Novel: Mariama Ba and Sembene Ousmane". Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 32, No. 2, November 2001.
  • Allan, Tuzyline Jita: "Book reviews, Re-Creating Ourselves: African Women and Critical Transformations by Molara Ogundipe-Leslie". Research in African Literatures, Summer 1995.
  • Ogundipe (a.k.a. Ogundipe-Leslie), M. Indigenous and Contemporary Gender Concepts and Issues in Africa: Implications for Nigeria’s development. Lagos, Benin, Ibadan, Jos, Oxford, Zaria: Malthouse Limited P., 2005.

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