Monotoideae is a subfamily of the flowering plant family Dipterocarpaceae, with 3 genera and 30 species. It is native to the rainforest habitat of Africa and Madagascar, as well as South America. The geographical discontinuity can be traced back to a date prior to the separation of these land masses and the subsequent migration, evolution and preservation of the species in suitable habitats.
- Marquesia is native to Africa.
- Monotes has 26 species, distributed across Africa and Madagascar.
- Pseudomonotes is native to the Colombian Amazon and Pacaraima Mountains.
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