Monticello (privateer)

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The Monticello was a Confederate blockade runner during the American Civil War. She was a two-masted schooner out of Havana, Cuba and of unknown nationality.[1] She ran ashore about 6 to 8 miles east of Fort Morgan and the main inlet to Mobile Bay in Alabama on June 26, 1862, after sailing from Havana, and was then set on fire by the crew to prevent her capture. A landing party from the USS Kanawha attempted to board the vessel, but were driven off by Confederate soldiers firing from nearby on the shore. Her length was 136 feet. She was likely cruising just off shore along the Swash Channel when she ran aground.

The wreckage of the Monticello is exposed occasionally when severe storms hit the area; wreckage identified as the ship was uncovered after Hurricane Camille in 1969, after Hurricane Ivan in 2004, and after Hurricane Ike in 2008. While some speculated that a shipwreck that was unearthed after Hurricane Isaac in 2012 also the Monticello, experts later identified the ship as the Rachael, a three-mast schooner that ran aground in 1933.[2][3][4]


  1. ^ Gaines, p.4
  2. ^ Eric Pfeiffer, Mysterious shipwreck washes onto Alabama shore, believed to be from Civil War, Yahoo News (September 4, 2012).
  3. ^ Rheana Murray, Hurricane Isaac unearths shipwreck on Alabama coast, New York Daily News (September 4, 2012).
  4. ^ Alabama Shipwreck Uncovered By Hurricane Isaac Appears on Beach, Huffington Post (September 4, 2012).


  • Gaines, W. Craig, Encyclopedia of Civil War Shipwrecks, Louisiana State University Press, 2008. ISBN 0-8071-3274-8