Mostafa Saadeq Al-Rafe'ie
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Mostafa Saadeq Al-Rafe'ie was an Egyptian poet, born in Egypt on 1 January 1880, and died in May 1937 in Tanta, Egypt. His parents were from Syrian origins. His maternal grandfather was Sheikh Eltoukhy of Aleppo who managed his business between The Levant and Egypt.
Mostafa Saadeq Al-Rafe'ie became deaf after contracting typhoid fever. Despite his hearing disability and the fact that he was self-taught, he became one of the most famous Arab poets of the early twentieth century. He composed the words of the Egyptian national anthem Eslami ya Misr, adopted between 1923 and 1936. The words of the Tunisian national anthem are largely the work of Al-Rafe'ie.
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