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Jennifer Lawrence looking off in the distance.
Theatrical release poster
Directed byDarren Aronofsky
Written byDarren Aronofsky
Produced by
CinematographyMatthew Libatique
Edited byAndrew Weisblum
Distributed byParamount Pictures
Release date
  • September 5, 2017 (2017-09-05) (Venice)
  • September 15, 2017 (2017-09-15) (United States)
Running time
121 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
Budget$30 million[2]
Box office$44.5 million[2]

Mother! (stylized as mother!)[3] is a 2017 American psychological horror film written and directed by Darren Aronofsky, and starring Jennifer Lawrence, Javier Bardem, Ed Harris, Michelle Pfeiffer, Domhnall Gleeson, Brian Gleeson, and Kristen Wiig. The plot follows a young woman whose tranquil life with her husband at their country home is disrupted by the arrival of a mysterious couple.

Mother! was selected to compete for the Golden Lion at the 74th Venice International Film Festival, and premiered there on September 5, 2017.[4] It was released in the United States on September 15, 2017, by Paramount Pictures, and grossed $44 million worldwide against its $30 million budget. Although the film received generally positive reviews from critics, its biblical allegories and depiction of violence sparked controversy.


In the burned out remains of a large house, Him, an acclaimed poet struggling with writer's block, places a crystal object on a pedestal in his study. The scorched house morphs into a lovely home in an edenic landscape. Mother, the poet's wife and muse, awakens in her bed and wonders aloud where Him is. While renovating the house, she starts seeing things that unsettle her, including visualizing a beating heart within its walls.

One day, a stranger called Man turns up at the house, asking for a room and claiming to be a local doctor. Him readily agrees, and Mother reluctantly follows suit. Later that night, Man suffers from dry-heaves and mother observes a wound on his side. The next day Man's wife, Woman, arrives to stay. Mother is increasingly frustrated with Woman's guests, but Him begs her to let them stay, revealing that Man is actually a fan whose dying wish was to meet Him. When Man and Woman accidentally shatter the crystal object, which Him had forbidden them to touch, Him becomes angry and Mother kicks them out while he begins to board up the room. Before Man and Woman can leave, their two sons arrive unexpectedly and fight over their father's will. The oldest son, who'll be left with nothing, severely wounds the younger brother and flees. Him, Man, and Woman take the injured son for help. Alone in the house, Mother follows a trail of blood to find a tank of heating oil hidden behind the basement walls.

Upon returning, Him informs Mother the son has died. As the two are starting to fall asleep that night dozens of people arrive unannounced at the house to mourn the dead son. They behave in rude and presumptuous ways that irritate Mother; she snaps when they break a sink, partially flooding the house. She orders everyone out and berates Him for allowing so many people inside while ignoring her needs. Their argument ends in passionate lovemaking, and the next morning, Mother announces she is pregnant. The news elates Him, inspiring Him to finish his work.

Time passes and Mother prepares for the arrival of their child and reads Him's beautiful new poem. Upon publication, it immediately sells out every copy. In celebration, Mother prepares a big dinner, but a group of fans arrives at the house before they can eat. She asks Him to send them away, but he insists he has to be polite and show his appreciation, telling her he will return soon. Mother tries to lock the doors, but droves of fans begin to flood the house and begin to wreak havoc. They start stealing things as souvenirs and damaging the house, but Him is oblivious due to the adulation he is receiving. Hundreds of people have filled the house and a disoriented Mother helplessly watches it devolve into chaos. At one point military forces turn up to battle hysterical cult followers, followed by the poet's publicist organizing mass executions. Mother goes into labor and finds Him. He takes her to his study, which he reopens so she can give birth there.

The havoc outside subsides. Him tells Mother his fans want to see their newborn son; she refuses and holds her son tightly. When she falls asleep Him takes their child outside to the crowd, which passes the baby around wildly until he is inadvertently killed. Mother wades into the crowd where she sees people eating her son's mutilated corpse. Furious, she calls them murderers and stabs them with a shard of glass. They turn on her and savagely beat her until Him intervenes. He begs Mother to forgive them, but she runs down to the basement oil tank and punctures it with a pipe wrench. Despite Him's pleas, she sets the tank ablaze. It explodes, incinerating the crowd, the house and surrounding environment.

Mother and Him survive, but she is horrifically burned while Him is completely unscathed. She asks him what he is, and he ambiguously replies that Mother was "home." He asks for her love, and when she agrees he tears open her chest and removes her heart. As he crushes the heart with his hands a new crystal object is revealed. He places it on its pedestal and the house is transformed from a burned out shell back into a beautiful home, repeating the cycle from the beginning. In bed, a new Mother appears and wakes up wondering aloud where Him is.



Detail from Paradiesgärtlein (Little Garden of Paradise), by an unknown artist active c. 1410–20, possibly in Strasbourg. Jennifer Lawrence has said the film's setting sometimes resembles the Garden of Eden, which this work depicts.

In an interview, Lawrence stated that the film is an allegory; she said that the film "depicts the rape and torment of Mother Earth ... I represent Mother Earth; Javier, whose character is a poet, represents a form of God, a creator; Michelle Pfeiffer is an Eve to Ed Harris's Adam, there's Cain and Abel and the setting sometimes resembles the Garden of Eden".[5]

Aronofsky said that the exclamation mark in the title "reflects the spirit of the film" and corresponds to an "exclamation point" of the ending. The director discussed the film's unusual choice of not capitalising the letter 'm' in the title during a Reddit interview, saying, "To find out why there's a lowercase 'm', read the credits and look for the letter that is capitalised. Ask yourself what's another name for this character?" The characters' names are all shown in lowercase, except for Him.[5]

The lighter which appears throughout the film bears the Wendehorn, a runic symbol that represents "the cooperation between nature's eternal laws, working in effect and in accordance with each other." One of the film's unexplained elements is the yellow powder Lawrence's character drinks, which The Daily Beast suggests is a reference to Charlotte Perkins Gilman's short story "The Yellow Wallpaper".[5]



After 2014's Noah, Aronofsky began working on a children's film. During that process, he came up with a new idea. He ended up writing the Mother! screenplay in five days, much faster than his usual pace.[6] The film uses a dream-logic narrative, of which Aronofsky has noted, "if you try to unscrew it, it kind of falls apart," and that "it's a psychological freak-out. You shouldn't over-explain it."[7]


Jennifer Lawrence was reportedly in talks to join the film by October 2015.[8] By January 2016, Javier Bardem was also in talks to star,[9] and by April Domhnall Gleeson, Michelle Pfeiffer, Ed Harris, and Brian Gleeson were added to the cast.[10] In March 2016, it was announced Kristen Wiig had been cast in the film.[11]


Shooting for the film began on June 13, 2016, and concluded on August 28, 2016.[12][failed verification] Prior to the start of principal photography, the cast rehearsed for three months in a warehouse, during which time Aronofsky was able to "get a sense of movement and camera movement, and learn from that." During this time, Lawrence was relatively laid back, and Aronofsky has said that as a result he "didn't get to know the character until we started shooting, and she showed up."[6]


mother! is the first Aronofsky film without composer Clint Mansell's involvement.[13] The film originally had a score composed by Jóhann Jóhannsson, but after seeing the 90-minute score synced up with a rough cut of the film, Aronofsky and Jóhannsson agreed not to use the original score. They experimented with using the score at only a few moments, or instead using a new minimal score focused on sound design that incorporated noises into the soundscape of the house. Ultimately, they went with the second choice, and Jóhannsson's work merged with the sound design of Craig Henighan.[14] Composer Ólafur Arnalds recounted the following story about the decision:

... he had spent a year writing the score for Darren Aronofsky's Mother! and at some point realised that the film was better with no music at all. He proceeded to convince Darren to delete everything. It takes a real, selfless artist to do that. To realise the piece is better without you. The most important part of creating art is the process, and Jóhann seemed to understand process. The score needed to be written first in order to realise that it was redundant. So in my view, mother! still has a score by Jóhann. The score is just silence ... deafening, genius silence.[15]

Over its closing credits, the film features a Patti Smith cover of Skeeter Davis's "The End of the World".[16]


The cast and director sitting at a long table
The cast and director Darren Aronofsky in a press conference during the 2017 Venice Film Festival

The film was originally scheduled to be released on October 13, 2017,[17] but was moved to September 15.[18]

The film had its world premiere at the 74th Venice International Film Festival, where it was selected to compete for the Golden Lion.[4] The film premiered in London on 6 September 2017.[19] It also screened at the 2017 Toronto International Film Festival.[20][21]

On August 7, 2017, the first official trailer for the film was released.[22]

Home media[edit]

Mother! was released digitally on December 5, 2017, and was released on 4K UHD, Blu-ray and DVD on December 19.[23][24]


Box office[edit]

Mother! grossed $17.8 million in the United States and Canada and $26.7 million in other territories for a worldwide total of $44.5 million, against a production budget of $30 million.[2]

In North America, the film was released alongside American Assassin and was projected to gross $12–14 million from 2,368 theaters in its opening weekend.[25] It made $700,000 from Thursday night previews and $3.1 million on its first day. It went on to open to just $7.5 million, finishing third at the box office and marking the worst debut for Lawrence in a film where she had top billing. Deadline Hollywood attributed the film's underperformance to its controversial narrative, misleading advertisements, and "F" CinemaScore grade[26] as of April 2020, it is one of only 22 films to receive such a rating.[27] Other publications wrote that the film's CinemaScore grade, which is extremely rare, is associated with "a movie that goes out of its way to artfully alienate or confuse audiences."[28][29] In its second weekend, the film dropped 56.3% to $3.3 million, finishing sixth at the box office.[30]

Aronofsky responded to the film's CinemaScore rating by saying that it was meant to be difficult viewing for audiences: "How if you walk out of this movie are you not going to give it an 'F'? ... We wanted to make a punk movie and come at you. And the reason I wanted to come is because I was very sad and I had a lot of anguish and I wanted to express it."[31]

Critical response[edit]

Mother! received generally positive reviews from critics, who praised Aronofsky's direction and the performances, particularly of Lawrence and Pfeiffer.[32][33][34] The film received both boos and a standing ovation during its premiere at the Venice Film Festival.[35] Its biblical allegories and depiction of violence sparked controversy.[36][37][38] On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 68%, based on 376 reviews, and an average rating of 7.0/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "There's no denying that Mother! is the thought-provoking product of a singularly ambitious artistic vision, though it may be too unwieldy for mainstream tastes."[39] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 75 out of 100, based on reviews from 51 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[40] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film a rare average grade of "F" on an A+ to F scale, making it one of twenty-two films to receive the score, while PostTrak reported filmgoers gave a 51% overall positive and a 33% "definite recommend".[26]

Owen Gleiberman of Variety, in his positive review of the film, wrote: "By all means, go to 'Mother!' and enjoy its roller-coaster-of-weird exhibitionism. But be afraid, very afraid, only if you're hoping to see a movie that's as honestly disquieting as it is showy." Gleiberman labelled Mother! as "a piece of ersatz humanity".[41] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone awarded the film 3.5 out of 4 stars, describing the film and Aronofsky's direction as an "artist's cry from his own corrupt heart" and "a work of a visionary". He also praised the film's allegorical narrative and the performances of Lawrence, Bardem, and Pfeiffer, and said, positively, that the cinematography "always seems on the verge of exploding".[42] Writing for the Chicago Tribune, Michael Phillips said "Darren Aronofsky delivers a damning critique of the artist/muse arrangement, even as he admits to its old-fashioned patriarchal simplicity." He also referred to the film and its script as "grandiose and narcissistic and, in quick strokes, pretty vicious," while drawing a similarity to Aronofsky's film, Black Swan.[43]

Writing for The Guardian, Peter Bradshaw gave the film 5 stars, saying, "Darren Aronofsky's toweringly outrageous film leaves no gob unsmacked. It is an event-movie detonation, a phantasmagorical horror and black-comic nightmare that jams the narcosis needle right into your abdomen."[44] Ignatiy Vishnevetsky of The A.V. Club gave the film a B+, writing, "the filmmaking ranks as some of Aronofsky's most skillful".[45] Ben Croll of IndieWire gave the film an A−, noting "Awash in both religious and contemporary political imagery, Darren Aronofsky's allusive film opens itself to a number of allegorical readings, but it also works as a straight-ahead head rush."[46] In an essay for The Hollywood Reporter, Martin Scorsese said, "It was so tactile, so beautifully staged and acted—the subjective camera and the POV reverse angles, always in motion ... the sound design, which comes at the viewer from around corners and leads you deeper and deeper into the nightmare ... the unfolding of the story, which very gradually becomes more and more upsetting as the film goes forward. The horror, the dark comedy, the biblical elements, the cautionary fable—they're all there, but they're elements in the total experience, which engulfs the characters and the viewers along with them. Only a true, passionate filmmaker could have made this picture, which I'm still experiencing weeks after I saw it."[47]

Rex Reed gave the film zero stars in The New York Observer, and wrote that despite some good cinematography, "Nothing about Mother! makes one lick of sense as Darren Aronofsky's corny vision of madness turns more hilarious than scary. With so much crap around to clog the drain, I hesitate to label it the 'Worst movie of the year' when 'Worst movie of the century' fits it even better." Reed further dismissed other critics' positive reviews of the film as "equally pretentious" and "even nuttier than the film itself. ... they all insist Mother! is a metaphor for something, although they are not quite sure what it is."[48] Similarly, The New Republic's Jo Livingstone states that the film has "no human center to hold it down."[49] Anthony Lane in his New Yorker review wrote, "My patience was tested beyond repair, I am afraid, by the nimbus of nonsense."[50] In his The Wall Street Journal review, John Anderson said, "it achieves a level of excess that makes the whole enterprise increasingly cartoonish, rather than just awful."[51] Chicago Sun-Times' Richard Roeper rated the film 2 out of 4 stars, writing that while he appreciated Lawrence's performance, he questioned whether Aronofsky was mocking certain biblical passages featured in the film or presenting a commentary on an artistic process.[52] Writing for The Washington Post, Anne Hornaday gave the film 2 stars, saying, "Even Lawrence's magnetic powers can't keep Mother! from going off the rails, which at first occurs cumulatively, then in a mad rush during the film's outlandish climax."[53]

Stephen Whitty of the Newark Star Ledger wrote, "one part early Roman Polanski, one part pseudo Harold Pinter, and two parts apology-from-a-driven-artist. And none of it adds up. The feeble idea behind Mother! isn't strong enough to bear the weight of all the overwrought style he hangs on it. Unlike the mansion it's set in, it's a small, hammered-together thing, and it can't bear all this meaning and metaphor."[54] Chris Nashawaty of Entertainment Weekly said "Darren Aronofsky's Mother! is Rosemary's Baby amped up into a fugue state of self-indulgent solipsism. He's an artist. And he really wants you to know that he's been thinking a lot about what that means. Unfortunately, his gaze is so deep into his own navel that it's just exasperating."[55] David Edelstein of New York magazine shrugged off the film and any talk of its craft, writing, "Most of the dialogue and effects are clunky, repetitive, second rate."[56]


The film's nominations at the 38th Golden Raspberry Awards received backlash from audiences and critics, especially Lawrence's nomination, whose performance was praised by critics.[57][58][59][60]

Award Date of Ceremony Category Recipient(s) Result Ref.
Alliance of Women Film Journalists January 8, 2018 Most Egregious Age Difference Between The Lead and The Love Interest Award Jennifer Lawrence & Javier Bardem Nominated [61]
Actress Most in Need Of A New Agent Jennifer Lawrence Nominated
AWFJ Hall of Shame Award Darren Aronofsky Nominated
Awards Circuit Community Awards February 7, 2018 Best Production Design Philip Messina, Larry Dias & Martine Kazemirchuk Nominated [62]
Honorable Mentions Mother! Won
Camerimage November 18, 2017 Golden Frog Matthew Libatique Nominated [63]
Chicago Indie Critics Awards December 30, 2017 Best Production Design Philip Messina Nominated [64]
Dorian Awards February 24, 2018 Supporting Film Performance of the Year – Actress Michelle Pfeiffer Nominated [65]
Campy Flick of the Year Mother! Won
Empire Awards March 18, 2018 Best Horror Mother! Nominated [66]
Fright Meter Awards January 31, 2018 Best Horror Movie Mother! Nominated [67]
Best Director Darren Aronofsky Nominated
Best Actress in a Leading Role Jennifer Lawrence Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Michelle Pfeiffer Nominated
Best Screenplay Darren Aronofsky Nominated
Best Editing Andrew Weisblum Won
Best Cinematography Matthew Libatique Nominated
Golden Raspberry Awards March 3, 2018 Worst Director Darren Aronofsky Nominated [68]
Worst Actress Jennifer Lawrence Nominated
Worst Supporting Actor Javier Bardem (also for Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Men Tell No Tales) Nominated
Golden Schmoes Awards March 4, 2018 Most Underrated Movie of the Year Mother! Nominated [69]
Trippiest Movie of the Year Won
Best Horror Movie of the Year Nominated
Houston Film Critics Society Awards January 6, 2018 Best Poster Design Mother! Nominated [70]
IndieWire Critics Poll December 19, 2017 Best Supporting Actress Michelle Pfeiffer 5th place[a] [71]
International Online Cinema Awards March 2, 2018 Best Production Design Mother! Nominated [72]
Best Sound Editing Nominated
Best Sound Mixing Won
Las Vegas Film Critics Society Sierra Awards December 18, 2017 Best Horror/Sci-Fi Film Mother! Nominated [73]
New Mexico Film Critics Association December 10, 2017 Best Actress Jennifer Lawrence Won [74]
North Texas Film Critics Association December 18, 2017 Best Actress Jennifer Lawrence Nominated [75]
Online Film Critics Society Awards December 28, 2017 Best Picture Mother! Nominated [76]
Online Film & Television Association February 18, 2018 Best Movie Poster Mother! Runner-up [77]
Phoenix Critics Circle December 11, 2017 Best Mystery or Thriller Film Mother! Nominated [78]
Saturn Awards June 27, 2018 Best Horror Film Mother! Nominated [79]
Venice Film Festival September 9, 2017 Golden Lion Mother! Nominated [80]
Visual Effects Society Awards February 13, 2018 Outstanding Supporting Visual Effects in a Photoreal Feature Dan Schrecker, Colleen Bachman, Ben Snow, Wayne Billheimer and Peter Chesney Nominated [81]

See also[edit]

  • Begotten, an experimental 1990 black-and-white horror film based on the same Biblical themes


  1. ^ Tied with Holly Hunter for The Big Sick.


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