Chicago III

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Chicago III
ChicagoIII.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedJanuary 11, 1971
RecordedLate June – Early July, Late November – Early December 1970, Columbia 30th Street Studios, New York City
Genre
Length71:29
LabelColumbia
ProducerJames William Guercio
Chicago chronology
Chicago
(1970)
Chicago III
(1971)
Chicago at Carnegie Hall
(1971)
Singles from Chicago III
  1. "Free"
    Released: February 1971
  2. "Lowdown"
    Released: April 1971
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic4/5 stars[1]

Chicago III is the third studio album by American rock band Chicago and was released in 1971. It was the band's third consecutive double album of new studio material in less than two years.[2]

Background[edit]

In the wake of the enormous worldwide success of their second album, Chicago spent almost all of 1970 on the road, an exhausting undertaking. Former drummer Danny Seraphine, described the members of the band as "fatigued and road-weary" when they went into the studio to record the album.[3]:122

Released in January 1971, initially on Columbia Records, Chicago III — the band's first album to sport a Roman numeral in its title[2] — sold well upon its release and was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) a month later.[4] It provided Chicago with its highest charting disc yet in the US, going to No. 2 on the Billboard 200.[5] "Free", written by Robert Lamm, made it into the top 20 of the Billboard Hot 100 chart, and "Lowdown", co-written by Peter Cetera and Danny Seraphine, reached the top 40.[6] Chicago III marked a dwindling in UK fortunes in comparison to the band's first two albums, Chicago Transit Authority and Chicago, reaching No. 9 in a brief chart run.[7]

In 1974, jazz bandleader Stan Kenton added a suite of songs from the album ("Canon", "Mother", "Once Upon a Time" and "Free") to his band's repertoire, releasing it on the album Stan Kenton Plays Chicago.[8]

Musical style, writing, composition[edit]

The band had used up its storehouse of original material on its first two albums. It needed new material for Chicago III, and the songwriters worked "nonstop"[3]:122 Danny Seraphine said the band "took the opportunity to experiment with instrumentals and showcase our skills as musicians."[3]:122

Their long hours on the road gave the principal songwriters, Robert Lamm, Terry Kath and James Pankow, much food for thought, resulting in more serious subject matter, which contrasted with the positivity of their first two sets.[citation needed] In his retrospective review of the album, Jeff Giles writes that Lamm's "Travel Suite" was "inspired by the boredom, loneliness, and beauty of the road," and characterizes Pankow's "Elegy" suite is an "ecologically minded composition",[9] (an issue Lamm also touches upon in "Mother").[citation needed] While Kath's multi-part "An Hour in the Shower" provides a reprieve from the sobering explorations elsewhere, Chicago III was undeniably the result of a band who had seen the flip side of the world over the last several months.[citation needed] "Lowdown", co-written by Peter Cetera and Danny Seraphine, was Seraphine's first co-writing credit, and he was appreciative of the support Cetera gave him during the writing process.[3]:123

Chicago III incorporates a variety of musical styles,[10][11] with the band relying slightly less on their trademark horns.[citation needed] "Sing a Mean Tune Kid" features the influence of funk,[citation needed] "What Else Can I Say" and "Flight 602" have a country feel,[citation needed] while abstract qualities are found in "Free Country" and "Progress?"[citation needed]

Recording, production[edit]

The album was produced by James William Guercio, who was Chicago's producer for its first eleven albums.[12][13] This album was mixed and released in both stereo and quadraphonic. In 2002, Chicago III was remastered and reissued on one CD by Rhino Records.[14]

Artwork, Packaging[edit]

The album cover design is titled "Tattered Flag" on the band's web site.[2] Included with the album was a poster of the band dressed in the uniforms of America's wars, standing in front of a field of crosses, representing those who had died in the still ongoing Vietnam War. It also gave the number of casualties from each war up until the time of the album's release.[15]

Charts[edit]

Chicago III (Columbia 30110) reached No. 2 on the Billboard 200 in the US during a chart stay of 63 weeks.[5] It also peaked at No. 9 in the UK.[7]

Track listing[edit]

Side One
No.TitleWriter(s)VocalsLength
1."Sing a Mean Tune Kid"Robert LammPeter Cetera9:13
2."Loneliness Is Just a Word"LammTerry Kath2:36
3."What Else Can I Say"Peter CeteraCetera3:12
4."I Don't Want Your Money"Kath (music)/Lamm (words)Lamm4:47
Side Two
No.TitleWriter(s)VocalsLength
5."Travel Suite"
  1. "Flight 602"
  2. "Motorboat to Mars"
  3. "Free"
  4. "Free Country"
  5. "At the Sunrise"
  6. "Happy 'Cause I'm Going Home"

Lamm
Danny Seraphine
Lamm
Lamm/Kath/Walter Parazaider
Lamm
Lamm

Lamm
instrumental
Kath
instrumental
Lamm/Cetera
Lamm/Cetera
22:30

2:45 1:30 2:16 5:46 2:48

7:28
Side Three
No.TitleWriter(s)VocalsLength
6."Mother"LammLamm4:30
7."Lowdown"Cetera (music and words)/Seraphine (words)Cetera3:35
8."An Hour in the Shower"
  1. "A Hard Risin' Morning Without Breakfast"
  2. "Off to Work"
  3. "Fallin' Out"
  4. "Dreamin' Home"
  5. "Morning Blues Again"
KathKath5:30

1:52 0:45 0:53 0:49

1:11
Side Four
No.TitleWriter(s)VocalsLength
9."Elegy"
  1. "When All the Laughter Dies in Sorrow"
  2. "Canon"
  3. "Once Upon a Time..."
  4. "Progress?"
  5. "The Approaching Storm"
  6. "Man vs. Man: The End"

Kendrew Lascelles
James Pankow
Pankow
Pankow/James William Guercio
Pankow
Pankow

Lamm (spoken)
instrumental
instrumental
instrumental
instrumental
instrumental
15:27

1:03 1:05 2:34 2:34 6:26

1:33

Personnel[edit]

Production[edit]

  • Produced by James William Guercio
  • Engineered by Don Puluse and Sy Mitchell
  • Recorded by Lou Waxman and Willie Greer
  • Logo Design – Nick Fasciano
  • Album Design – John Berg
  • Flag Design – Natalie Williams
  • Photography – Sandy Speiser
  • Poster Photo – Steve Horn and Norm Griner
  • Lettering – Annette Kawecki and Melanie Marder for Poseidon Productions

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.allmusic.com/album/r60769
  2. ^ a b c "Chicago III". Chicagotheband.com. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d Seraphine, Danny (2011). Street Player: My Chicago Story. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 978-0-470-41683-9.
  4. ^ "Gold & Platinum: Chicago". RIAA. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Billboard 200: Chicago III". Billboard. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  6. ^ "Chicago Chart History: Hot 100, p. 4". Billboard. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  7. ^ a b "CHICAGO | full Official Chart History | Official Charts Company". www.officialcharts.com. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  8. ^ McDonough, John (February 27, 1975). "Stan Kenton Plays Chicago". All Things Kenton – Down Beat Record Reviews. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  9. ^ Giles, Jeff (January 12, 2016). "Revisiting Chicago's Third Album, 'Chicago III'". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  10. ^ Lass, Don (May 2, 1971). "Record Reviews: Chicago Revisited". Asbury Park Press. p. C13. Retrieved January 18, 2019 – via newspapers.com.Free to read
  11. ^ Bangs, Lester (March 18, 1971). "Album Review: Chicago III/Cold Blood, Sisyphus/If". Rolling Stone – via https://forums.stevehoffman.tv/threads/the-weakest-link-chicago-iii.161638/.
  12. ^ Ruhlmann, William James (1991). Chicago Group Portrait (Box Set) (CD booklet archived online) (Media notes). New York City, NY: Columbia Records. pp. 1–8. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  13. ^ "A Chicago Story – Chicago". Chicagotheband.com. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  14. ^ Waller, Don (July 20, 2002). "Killer Catalog: Ambitious Rhino Reissues Program Salutes "One of the Great Groups"". Billboard. p. 42. Retrieved January 18, 2019 – via Google Books.
  15. ^ Newsom, Thomas B. (February 12, 1971). "'Blues Chick of Counter Culture'". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. St. Louis, Missouri, USA. p. 3D. Retrieved January 21, 2019 – via Newspapers.com. Free to read