|Studio album by|
|Released||January 11, 1971|
|Recorded||Late June – Early July, Late November – Early December 1970, Columbia 30th Street Studios, New York City|
|Producer||James William Guercio|
|Singles from Chicago III|
In the wake of the enormous worldwide success of their second album, Chicago spent almost all of 1970 on the road, an exhausting undertaking. Former drummer Danny Seraphine, described the members of the band as "fatigued and road-weary" when they went into the studio to record the album.:122
Released in January 1971, initially on Columbia Records, Chicago III — the band's first album to sport a Roman numeral in its title — sold well upon its release and was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) a month later. It provided Chicago with its highest charting disc yet in the US, going to No. 2 on the Billboard 200. "Free", written by Robert Lamm, made it into the top 20 of the Billboard Hot 100 chart, and "Lowdown", co-written by Peter Cetera and Danny Seraphine, reached the top 40. Chicago III marked a dwindling in UK fortunes in comparison to the band's first two albums, Chicago Transit Authority and Chicago, reaching No. 9 in a brief chart run.
In 1974, jazz bandleader Stan Kenton added a suite of songs from the album ("Canon", "Mother", "Once Upon a Time" and "Free") to his band's repertoire, releasing it on the album Stan Kenton Plays Chicago.
Musical style, writing, composition
The band had used up its storehouse of original material on its first two albums. It needed new material for Chicago III, and the songwriters worked "nonstop":122 Danny Seraphine said the band "took the opportunity to experiment with instrumentals and showcase our skills as musicians.":122
Their long hours on the road gave the principal songwriters, Robert Lamm, Terry Kath and James Pankow, much food for thought, resulting in more serious subject matter, which contrasted with the positivity of their first two sets. In his retrospective review of the album, Jeff Giles writes that Lamm's "Travel Suite" was "inspired by the boredom, loneliness, and beauty of the road," and characterizes Pankow's "Elegy" suite is an "ecologically minded composition", (an issue Lamm also touches upon in "Mother"). While Kath's multi-part "An Hour in the Shower" provides a reprieve from the sobering explorations elsewhere, Chicago III was undeniably the result of a band who had seen the flip side of the world over the last several months. "Lowdown", co-written by Peter Cetera and Danny Seraphine, was Seraphine's first co-writing credit, and he was appreciative of the support Cetera gave him during the writing process.:123
Chicago III incorporates a variety of musical styles, with the band relying slightly less on their trademark horns. "Sing a Mean Tune Kid" features the influence of funk, "What Else Can I Say" and "Flight 602" have a country feel, while abstract qualities are found in "Free Country" and "Progress?"
Recording and production
The album was produced by James William Guercio, who was Chicago's producer for its first eleven albums. This album was mixed and released in both stereo and quadraphonic. In 2002, Chicago III was remastered and reissued on one CD by Rhino Records.
Artwork and packaging
The album cover design is titled "Tattered Flag" on the band's web site. Included with the album was a poster of the band dressed in the uniforms of America's wars, standing in front of a field of crosses, representing those who had died in the still ongoing Vietnam War. It also gave the number of casualties from each war up until the time of the album's release.
|1.||"Sing a Mean Tune Kid"||Robert Lamm||Peter Cetera||9:13|
|2.||"Loneliness Is Just a Word"||Lamm||Terry Kath||2:36|
|3.||"What Else Can I Say"||Peter Cetera||Cetera||3:12|
|4.||"I Don't Want Your Money"||Kath (music)/Lamm (words)||Lamm||4:47|
2:45 1:30 2:16 5:46 2:487:28
|7.||"Lowdown"||Cetera (music and words)/Seraphine (words)||Cetera||3:35|
|8.||"An Hour in the Shower"
1:52 0:45 0:53 0:491:11
Pankow/James William Guercio
1:03 1:05 2:34 2:34 6:261:33
- Peter Cetera – bass, lead and backing vocals
- Terry Kath – guitar, lead and backing vocals
- Robert Lamm – keyboards, lead and backing vocals, spoken word on "When All the Laughter Dies in Sorrow".
- Lee Loughnane – trumpet
- James Pankow – trombone
- Walter Parazaider – saxophone, flute
- Danny Seraphine – drums, percussion
- Producer – James William Guercio
- Engineering – Don Puluse and Sy Mitchell
- Recording – Lou Waxman and Willie Greer
- Logo design – Nick Fasciano
- Album design – John Berg
- Flag design – Natalie Williams
- Photography – Sandy Speiser
- Poster photo – Steve Horn and Norm Griner
- Lettering – Annette Kawecki and Melanie Marder for Poseidon Productions
|Australian Albums (Kent Music Report)||6|
|UK Albums (Official Charts Company)||9|
|US Billboard 200||2|
- "Chicago III". Chicagotheband.com. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
- Seraphine, Danny (2011). Street Player: My Chicago Story. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 978-0-470-41683-9.
- "Gold & Platinum: Chicago". RIAA. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
- "Billboard 200: Chicago III". Billboard. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
- "Chicago Chart History: Hot 100, p. 4". Billboard. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
- "CHICAGO | full Official Chart History | Official Charts Company". www.officialcharts.com. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
- McDonough, John (February 27, 1975). "Stan Kenton Plays Chicago". All Things Kenton – Down Beat Record Reviews. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
- Giles, Jeff (January 12, 2016). "Revisiting Chicago's Third Album, 'Chicago III'". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
- Lass, Don (May 2, 1971). "Record Reviews: Chicago Revisited". Asbury Park Press. p. C13. Retrieved January 18, 2019 – via newspapers.com.
- Bangs, Lester (March 18, 1971). "Album Review: Chicago III/Cold Blood, Sisyphus/If". Rolling Stone – via https://forums.stevehoffman.tv/threads/the-weakest-link-chicago-iii.161638/.
- Ruhlmann, William James (1991). Chicago Group Portrait (Box Set) (CD booklet archived online) (Media notes). New York City, NY: Columbia Records. pp. 1–8. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
- "A Chicago Story – Chicago". Chicagotheband.com. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
- Waller, Don (July 20, 2002). "Killer Catalog: Ambitious Rhino Reissues Program Salutes "One of the Great Groups"". Billboard. p. 42. Retrieved January 18, 2019 – via Google Books.
- Newsom, Thomas B. (February 12, 1971). "'Blues Chick of Counter Culture'". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. St. Louis, Missouri, USA. p. 3D. Retrieved January 21, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 62. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.