Mrtvice, Kočevje

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Mrtvice
Mrtvice is located in Slovenia
Mrtvice
Mrtvice
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates: 45°39′32.72″N 14°48′38.09″E / 45.6590889°N 14.8105806°E / 45.6590889; 14.8105806Coordinates: 45°39′32.72″N 14°48′38.09″E / 45.6590889°N 14.8105806°E / 45.6590889; 14.8105806
Country Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
Traditional region Lower Carniola
Statistical region Southeast Slovenia
Municipality Kočevje
Area
 • Total 10.19 km2 (3.93 sq mi)
Elevation 892.3 m (2,927.5 ft)
Population (2002)
 • Total 40
[1]

Mrtvice (pronounced [məɾˈtʋiːtsɛ]; German: Gschwend[2] or Geschwend[3]) is a settlement northwest of the town of Kočevje in southern Slovenia. The area is part of the traditional region of Lower Carniola and is now included in the Southeast Slovenia Statistical Region.[4]

Name[edit]

The Slovene name Mrtvice is apparently cognate with the adjective mrtev dead, but the connection is unclear. One theory links the name with an old side channel or oxbow lake (mrtvica) of the Rinža River.[5] Another theory connects the name with infertile soil.[6] The German name Gschwend is believed to be derived from German schwenden 'to clear forest, especially by burning'.[7][8][9] The name Gschwend was provisionally used during the Second World War as a new name for a planned Gottschee German resettlement in the Rann Triangle.[10]

History[edit]

Mrtvice is a newer settlement, officially created from parts of the Gottschee German villages of Koblarji and Slovenska Vas[11] in January 1953.[5] Prior to this the name was primarily used as a microtoponym.[12] Consequently, Mrtvice was not mentioned in the land registry of 1574 or in the census of 1770.[9] Nonetheless, mention was occasionally made of Mrtvice (as Gschwend) as a settlement, such as in a postal notice of 1899, when its postal authority was reassigned from Kočevje to Slovenska Vas.[13] Mrtvice primarily developed as a bedroom community for people working in Kočevje.[5]

Notable people[edit]

Notable people that were born or lived in Mrtvice include:

  • Josef Krauland (1897–1973), medical advisor[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
  2. ^ Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 6: Kranjsko. 1906. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna, p. 42.
  3. ^ Laas und Čabar (map, 1:75,000). 1903. Vienna: K.u.k. Militärgeographisches Institut.
  4. ^ Kočevje municipal site
  5. ^ a b c Ferenc, Mitja, & Gojko Zupan. 2012. Izgubljene kočevske vasi, vol. 2 (K–P). Ljubljana: Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani, p. 158.
  6. ^ Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 271.
  7. ^ Pintar, Luka. 1912. "O krajnih imenih", part 4. Ljubljanski Zvon 32: 550–554, p. 551.
  8. ^ Simonič, Ivan. 1935. "Kočevarji v luči krajevnih in ledinskih imen." Glasnik Muzejskega društva za Slovenijo 16: 61–81 and 106–123, p. 74.
  9. ^ a b Petschauer, Erich. 1980. "Die Gottscheer Siedlungen – Ortsnamenverzeichnis." In Das Jahrhundertbuch der Gottscheer (pp. 181–197). Klagenfurt: Leustik.
  10. ^ Carstanjen, Helmut. 1943. "Deutsche Ortsnamen in der Untersteiermark." Marburger Zeitung 317/318 (13/14 Nov.), p. 4.
  11. ^ Savnik, Roman, ed. 1971. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 2. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije, p. 233.
  12. ^ Kranjc, Andrej, & Franc Lovrenšak. 1981. "Poplavni svet na Kočevskem polju." Geografski zbornik 21:117–155, p. 147.
  13. ^ "Lokal- und Provinzial-Nachrichten." 1899. Laibacher Zeitung 118(106) (9 May), p. 839.
  14. ^ Petschauer, Erich. 1980. Das Jahrhundertbuch der Gottscheer. Klagenfurt: Hermann Leustik, p. 165. (German)

External links[edit]