From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Translations of
Chinese失念, 忘念
Korean실념, 망념
(RR: silneoym, mangneoym)
(Wylie: brjed ngas;
THL: jengé
Glossary of Buddhism

Muṣitasmṛtitā (Sanskrit; Tibetan phonetic: jengé) is a Buddhist term that is translated as "forgetfulness". In the Mahayana tradition, muṣitasmṛtitā is defined as forgetting or losing our focus on a virtuous object and instead focusing on an object or situation that causes non-virtuous thoughts or emotions to arise.[1][2]

Muṣitasmṛtitā is identified as:


Mipham Rinpoche states:

Forgetfullness [muṣitasmṛtitā] is to be unclear and forget a virtuous object. It is the erroneous mindfulness that accompanies a disturbing emotion, and it is the opposite of being mindful. It forms the support for distraction of mind.[2]

The Abhidharma-samuccaya states:

What is forgetfulness? It is it fleeting inspection which is simultaneous with and on the same level as the emotions. It functions as the basis of distraction.[1]

Alexander Berzin explains:

Forgetfulness (brjed-nges). Based on recollection of something toward which we have a disturbing emotion or attitude, forgetfulness is losing our object of focus so that it will wander to that disturbing object. Forgetfulness serves as the basis for mental wandering (rnam-par g.yeng-ba).[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Guenther (1975), Kindle Locations 976-977.
  2. ^ a b Kunsang (2004), p. 28.
  3. ^ Berzin (2006)