Mubarak al-Duri

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An Iraqi doctor,[1] Mubarak al-Duri (مبارك الدوري) (also Mubarak Douri, Mubarak el Doory) ran an agricultural project owned by Osama bin Laden from 1992–94, and is alleged to have procured weapons and equipment overseas.[2][3]

Life in the United States[edit]

In the 1980s, he was living in Tucson, Arizona where he was in contact with Wadi al-Hage, who also lived in the city.[4][5] The pair were likely associated with the city's fledgling Maktab al-Khidamat.[6]

Life in Sudan[edit]

While living in Khartoum in 1991, al-Duri shared an office with Al-Jihad member Abu Hassan el Masry.[1] He was a personal friend of Syrian-American honey producer Mohammed Loay Bayazid, who is believed to have recruited him.[7]

al-Duri worked for the agricultural firm named Al-Thimar al-Mubaraka (Blessed Fruits) which exported corn and sunflower seeds, and employed 10,000 workers,[8] and was in charge of their Al-Damazin Farms project,[9] which included 4,000 seasonal workers tending nearly a million acres (4,000 km²).[10]

An agricultural engineer named Mohammad Zeki Mahjoub met with al-Duri, at the request of Bin Laden and became the farms' Deputy General Manager.[3][10] On October 17, 1993, al-Duri wrote Mahjoub a reference letter vouching for his work with the farms in al-Damazin from February 1992 until May 1993.[11]

Life in Canada[edit]

He is reported to have lived in Richmond, British Columbia, probably in the late 1990s.

He was also in contact with Mohammad Zeki Mahjoub.[12]

In 2005, Canadian judge Eleanor Dawson released a ruling that suggested that al-Duri likely maintained contact with Essam Marzouk while living in British Columbia.[3]

Return to Sudan[edit]

In November 2001, al-Duri was contacted by Sudanese intelligence services who informed him that the FBI had sent Jack Cloonan and several other agents, to speak with himself and Mohamed Loay Bayazid. al-Duri and another Iraqi colleague agreed to meet with Cloonan in a safe house overseen by the intelligence service. They were asked whether there was any possible connection between Saddam Hussein and al-Qaeda, and laughed stating that Bin Laden hated the dictator who he believed was a "Scotch-drinking, woman-chasing apostate.”[13]

In 2002, the CIA sent Rolf Mowatt-Larssen to again interview al-Duri and Bayazid, to see if they couldn't be made to defect, although both refused.[14]

Now lives in hiding between the Gulf states and Iraq


  1. ^ a b Jamal al-Fadl testimony, United States vs. Osama bin Laden et al, trial transcript, Day 2, Feb. 6, 2001.
  2. ^ The 9/11 Commission Report, page 521, footnote 58
  3. ^ a b c Bell, Stewart, National Post, Bin Laden WMD chief once lived in B.C. Archived 2011-02-24 at the Wayback Machine., 26 November 2005
  4. ^ The 9/11 Commission Report, pp. 57-58
  5. ^ Intelligence report, "Bin Ladin's business activities in 1992", Mar. 31, 1994; Intelligence report, "Terrorism: Historical Background of the Islamic Army and bin Ladin's Move from Afghanistan to Sudan", Nov. 26, 1996; CIA analytic report,"Old School Ties," Mar. 10, 2003.
  6. ^ Fainaru, Steve. Washington Post, "Mysterious trip to Flight 77 Cockpit: Suicide Pilot's conversion to radical Islam remains obscure", September 10, 2002
  7. ^ Federal Bureau of Investigation, Interview of anonymous source, May 15, 1998
  8. ^ "The Osama bin Laden I Know", supra note 11, at page 126.
  9. ^ CSIS, Summary of the Security Intelligence Report concerning Mohammad Zeki Mahjoub, February 2008
  10. ^ a b Mahjoub, Mohammad. Affidavit filed September 6, 2000 in the case Minister of Citizenship and Immigration and Mohamed Zeki Mahjoub
  11. ^ Transcript of Proceedings, Volume 9, Between Minister of Citizenship and Immigration and Solicitor General of Canada and Mohamed Zeki Mahjoub, March 5, 2001, p. 852, Exhibit 15
  12. ^ Canadian Security Intelligence Service, "Summary of the Security Intelligence Report concerning Mohamed Zeki Mahjoub"
  13. ^ Silverstein, Ken. Los Angeles Times, "Official Pariah Sudan Valuable to America's War on Terrorism", April 29, 2005
  14. ^ Tenet, George, "At the Centre of the Storm", 2007. pp 270-271