Muhammerah

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For a Shahrestān at the Khuzestan Province in Iran, see Muhammarah. For the capital city of this shahrestān, see Al-Mohammerah. For the Chili pepper dip originally from Aleppo, see Muhammara.

Muhammerah or Muhammira, Crimson/Red madh'hab or Carmine-Wearings; “Muhammerah/Mohammera madh'hab” was a collection of Madh'habs consisting of actually the members of the Mazdakean groups” like Al-Mukannaʿīyyah, Khorramdīn’īyyah and Kūl’īyyah. The members of these groups were active in the nowadays region of "Khorramshahr" (Al-Mohammerah) of "Khorramshahr County" (Muhammarah) of the Khuzestan Province, Iran.

Members[edit]

Khorramdīn’īyyah Madh'hab” was actually consisted of Azarī and Türkmens, who were the members of “Bābak’īyyah” and “Māzyār’īyyahmadh'habs.

Turkic Kaysanites[edit]

Madh'habs consisting of all Turks like Bū’ Muslim’īyyah, Muhammerah, and Ishāk at-Tūrk’īyyah madh'habs, they were all the extension of “Rezām’īyyah” madh'hab, together with “Reyāh’īyyah” and “Rāvand’īyyah” madh'hab. All these madh'habs had a common doctrine of sharing the Incarnation belief of their imams. Like “Muhtār’īyyah”, “Hāsheem’īyyah”, “Kabr’īyyah”, all of them were from the Ghulat Shia madh'hab of Kaysān’īyyah defending the Godhead of Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah, another son of Ali from his wife Khawlah bint Ja'far.[1] According to Abdülbaki Gölpınarlı, "Qizilbashism" was nothing but the spiritual descendants of Khurramites.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mustafa Öz, Mezhepler Tarihi ve Terimleri Sözlüğü - The History of Madh'habs and Idioms Dictionary, Ensar Yayıncılık, İstanbul, 2011. (Kaysān’īyyah (Muhtâr’īyyah/Kaysān’īyyah-ūl-Hullas, Hāsheem’īyyah (Hārb’īyyah, Muāv’īyyah/Cannāh’īyyah (Hāris’īyyah), Bayān’īyyah), Rāvand’īyyah (Rezām’īyyah (Bū’ Muslim’īyyah (Sūnbâd’īyyah, Barkūk’īyyah, Havāl’īyyah), Muhammerah (Mukannaʿīyyah, Khūrramdīn’īyyah (Bābak’īyyah, Māzyār’īyyah, Qizilbashs), Kūl’īyye), Ishāk at-Tūrk’īyyah), Reyāh’īyyah), Kabr’īyyah) madh'habs).
  2. ^ Roger M. Savory (Source: Abdülbaki Gölpınarlı), Encyclopaedia of Islam, "Kizil-Bash", Online Edition 2005.