From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For a county of Iran of Khuzestan Province, see Khorramshahr County. For the capital city of this county of Iran, see Khorramshahr. For the Chili pepper dip originally from Aleppo, see muhammara.

Muhammerah or Muhammira ("The Crimson, The Red") were Mazdaki groups such as the followers of al-Muqanna, the Khurramites and the Kūl’īyyah. The members of these groups were active in region of modern Khorramshahr in Khorramshahr County, Khuzestan Province, Iran.


The Khurramites were Azerbaijanis and Turkmens who followed the charismatic individuals Babak Khorramdin and Mazyar.

Turkic Kaysanites[edit]

Turkic sects included followers of Abu Muslim Khorasani, the Muhammerah, and Ishaq al-Turk. These groups had a shared doctrines of a belief in the incarnation of their Imams.

According to Abdülbaki Gölpınarlı, The Qizilbash were the spiritual descendants of the Khurramites.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Roger M. Savory (Source: Abdülbaki Gölpınarlı), Encyclopaedia of Islam, "Kizil-Bash", Online Edition 2005.