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Mukhtar Ashrafi (Russian: Мухтар Ашрафович Ашрафи, Uzbek: Muxtor Ashrafiy; 11 June [O.S. 29 May] 1912 in Bukhara – 15 December 1975 in Tashkent) was a Soviet Uzbek composer. He was awarded the Stalin Prize in 1943 and 1952, and was named People's Artist of the USSR in 1951. He became a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1941.
- Buran (1939, with S. Vasilenko)
- Grand Canal (1941, with S. Vasilenko)
- Dilaram (1958)
- Heart of a Poet (1962)
- Love Amulet (1969)
- Timur Malik (1970)
- Stoikost' (1971)
- Love and Dream (1973)
- Orchestral works
- Symphony No. 1 "Heroic" (1942; awarded Stalin Prize)
- Symphony No. 2 "Glory to the Victors" (1944)
- Kantatu o Schast'ye (1952; awarded Stalin Prize)
- Oratorio Skazanie o Rustame (1974)
- Music for theater, films, etc.