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Mukhtar Ashrafi (Russian: Мухтар Ашрафович Ашрафи, Uzbek: Muxtor Ashrafiy;
11 June [O.S. 29 May] 1912 in Bukhara – 15 December 1975 in Tashkent) was a Soviet Uzbek composer. He was awarded the Stalin Prize in 1943 and 1952, and was named People's Artist of the USSR in 1951. He became a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1941.
In the Shostakovitch autobiography (Chapt. 5, Music as an active force) Ashrafi was accused of plagiarism, subject of an investigation and consequently expelled from the union of composers.
His daughter Muqadamma is a noted medievalist.
- Buran (1939, with S. Vasilenko)
- Grand Canal (1941, with S. Vasilenko)
- Dilaram (1958)
- Heart of a Poet (1962)
- Love Amulet (1969)
- Timur Malik (1970)
- Stoikost' (1971)
- Love and Dream (1973)
- Orchestral works
- Symphony No. 1 "Heroic" (1942; awarded Stalin Prize)
- Symphony No. 2 "Glory to the Victors" (1944)
- Kantatu o Schast'ye (1952; awarded Stalin Prize)
- Oratorio Skazanie o Rustame (1974)
- Music for theater, films, etc.