Multiple lining tool

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The multiple lining tool is a burin chisel used in engraving with multiple cutting blades for making parallel lines to create a hatching effect.

The multiple lining tool is also called the multiple tool, lining tool,[1] multiliner,[2] liner, shooter,[3] multiple graver, comb, and half-tone comb.[4]


The multiple lining tool allows the engraver to create hatched shading effects[2] by engraving multiple parallel lines at the same time.[3] It achieves this by having two or more cutting blades,[2] which are available in different grades or sizes,[1] such as the density of lines. The resulting hatching has a mechanical look.[2]


  1. ^ a b Chamberlain 1972, p. 117.
  2. ^ a b c d Banister 1969, p. 80.
  3. ^ a b Kohlus 1926, p. 116.
  4. ^ Wijnekus & Wijnekus 2013, p. 359.

Works cited[edit]

  • Banister, Manly (1969). Practical Guide to Etching and Other Intaglio Printmaking Techniques. Courier Corporation. ISBN 978-0-486-25165-3.
  • Chamberlain, Walter (1972). Etching and Engraving. Viking Press.
  • Kohlus, Henry (1926). "Finishing and Engraving of Photo-Engraving—XV". In Ward, Henry Snowden (ed.). Process: The Photomechanics of Printed Illustration. p. 116.
  • Wijnekus, F. J. M.; Wijnekus, E. F. P. H. (2013). Dictionary of the Printing and Allied Industries: In English (with definitions), French, German, Dutch, Spanish and Italian. Elsevier Science. ISBN 978-1-4832-8984-7.