Muni (saint)

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The words "Bu-dhe" (the Buddha) and "Sa-kya-mu-nī " ("Sage of the Shakyas") in the Brahmi script, on Ashoka's Rummindei Minor Pillar Edict (circa 250 BCE).

Muni (Sanskrit: मुनि, "silent") is a term for types of ancient Indian sages and hermits or ancient Indian ascetics.[1] Sages of this type are said to know the truth of existence not on the basis of scientific or religious texts but through their own realization.


In Buddhism the term "Muni" is used as a title of Gautama Buddha — who, being born among the tribe of the Shakyas, is called Śākyamuni (sage of the Shakyas).[2] Various other titles like Munindra(Sanskrit; Pali: Muninda; meaning "lord of Munis"), Munivar(Greatest among Munis), Muniraj(King of Munis), Muniśvara(Sanskrit; Pali: Munissaro; meaning "god of Munis") Mahamuni(The greatest Muni) are also given to the Buddhas. The Mahamuni temple in Mandalay, Myanmar is named after the title of the Buddha.


  1. kaṣtha tapasvin - ascetics permanently residing in stillness
  2. Jivanmukta - those liberated for life in a physical body

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Muni.
  2. ^ Buswell, Robert E. Jr.; Lopez, Donald S. Jr. (2013). The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism. Princeton University Press. p. 741. ISBN 9781400848058.
  3. ^ Muni.
  4. ^ ( 6.7.3 )

External links[edit]