Muneer Ahmad Rashid

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Muneer Ahmad Rashid
Born 1934 (age 81–82)
Lahore, Punjab Province
Residence Islamabad, Islamabad Capital Territory
Citizenship Pakistan
Nationality Pakistani
Fields Mathematics
Institutions Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC)
National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST)
Quaid-i-Azam University
Alma mater Punjab University (PU)
London University
Doctoral advisor Abdus Salam
Known for Pakistan's nuclear detterence program
Nuclear and Quantum mechanics
Applied mathematics
Special unitary group
Fermat's Last Theorem
Mathematical physics
Influenced Abdus Salam
Notable awards PAS Gold medal (2010)

Muneer Ahmad Rashid, PhD, D.Sc., PAS Gold Medal, FPAS (born 1934), also spelled as Munir Ahmad Rashid, is a Pakistani Mathematical Physicist and Emeritus Professor of Applied and Mathematical Physics at the Centre for Advanced Mathematics and Physics of the National University of Sciences and Technology.

A Physicist turned Mathematician, Rashid has made numerous contributions in Special unitary group, Applied Mathematics, theoretical and nuclear physics, SO(2), and dark energy. A student of illustrative physicist and scientist Dr. Abdus Salam, Rashid has 80 research publications in globally reputed journals.


Rashid was born in Lahore, British India where he had completed his high-school from there in 1950. Rashid attended the Punjab University in 1950, and had received his double B.Sc.(Hons) in Physics and Mathematics in 1955.[1] In 1957, he did his M.A. in mathematics and taught as a lecturer in mathematics at the Government College University where he stayed there till 1960. Rashid then travelled to United Kingdom in 1961 to attend Imperial College London.

During the 1960s, an illustrative and prominent physicist dr. Abdus Salam was also teaching at Imperial College London where he was supervising the doctorate studies of my many Pakistani students. Rashid joined the Abdus Salam's group and began working with Abdus Salam's group at the Imperial College. In 1964, Munir Ahmad did his PhD in Mathematical physics under the supervision of dr. Abdus Salam, where his doctoral thesis were entitled "Generalization of Mass Formula in Unitary Symmetries".[2] Munir Rashid also did his D.Sc. in mathematical physics under the supervision of dr. Abdus Salam at the University of London in 1980.[3]

Academic career[edit]

Munir Ahmad Rashid, following his doctorate degree, came back to Pakistan where he joined Quaid-i-Azam University as an Associate professor in 1968. In September 1968, he travelled to United States where he joined Rochester University as a "Visiting Senior Research Associate". Rashid stayed in United States till 1970 and, during this time, he had carefully carried out the research in mathematical physics. In 1970, Rashid came back to Pakistan and re-joined Quaid-i-Azam University as a professor.

During the 1960s, Rashid had closely worked with Abdus Salam's students to the field of SU(3) or Special unitary group. Munir Rashid had closely worked with an Israeli theoretical physicist Harry J. Lipkin, who is also a student of dr. Abdus Salam. During the 1960s, Lipkin was working on SU(3) field and had brought his work to Abdus Salam to re-check the work, which according to Lipkin, his predictions did not meet the results as new experimental results from were available to them from CERN.[4] However, Abdus Salam travelled back to Pakistan next day and on Salam's recommendation, Lipkin met with Rashid in London. Rashid gained famed when he had independently discovered the error in Lipkin and Salam's work. Imperial College's Physics Department head, dr. Gerry Brown, who was an editor-in-chief, of "Physics Letter", accepted the suggestion from Imperial College that Salam's and Munir Ahmad Rashid's names to be list of authors. The next day, the paper appeared as Unitary Symmetry: A collaboration of three Israelis and two Pakistanis[5] M. A. Rashid returned to Pakistan in 1970, and joined Quaid-i-Azam University as a professor. Rashid, in midst of 1971 Winter war, was serving as a research associate in Quaid-i-Azam University when dr. Abdus Salam had asked him to join Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC). Munir Ahmad Rashid, along with Fayyazuddin, attended the famous "Multan Meeting in January 1972.[citation needed] It was here Salam had delegated numerous mathematicians at the Quaid-i-Azam University to participate in the nuclear research program. Rashid began to work with dr. Asghar Qadir's group in PAEC and formed Mathematical physics research group. He then was transferred to Riazuddin's Theoretical Physics Group (TPG) where he had closely worked with Riazuddin in the development of nuclear weapons.

Rashid continued his close association with dr. Abdus Salam in PAEC where he had worked on the mathematics problems related to the science of the designing of nuclear weapons. He played a major role in the development of the designing of the atomic bomb, through his calculations on critical mass theory. Munir Ahmad Rashid had contributed in Scattering theory where he had solved the mathematics problems in scattering theory, mainly predicting the scattering of optical waves and the behaviour of the elementary particles in the general process of testing of the nuclear device.[6] Rashid also had applied the Hamiltonian harmonic oscillator theory to approximate the optical wavelengths and the transition amplitudes of the Quantum particles in the tested nuclear device.[7] To approximate the data and the position of the nuclear particles and their effect in an affected nuclear test sites, Rashid used complex mathematical series, Integrals and mathematical permutation where he published his work under the supervision of Abdus Salam at the PAEC.[8] Rashid continued his research at the PAEC, and left Pakistan in 1978, to join Abdus Salam in London, Great Britain. He joined the London University where, under Abdus Salam's supervision, Rashid received his D.Sc. in 1980.

After his D.Sc. from London University, Rashid travelled to Nigeria, where he joined the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, as a foreign professor, teaching there till 2005. In 2005, after being requested by the President of Pakistan, Rashid returned to Pakistan, and joined the Centre for Advanced Mathematics and Physics (CAMP) at National University of Science and Technology (NUST), where he teaches applied mathematics.[citation needed]

Research work[edit]

Specialized in Mathematical physics under Dr. Abdus Salam, M. A. Rashid had developed an early interest in scattering theory where he had published numerous papers. His contribution to scattering theory at Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission had made breaking discoveries to the field of nuclear physics. On 29 March 2009, at the Mathematical conference, M. A. Rashid, using the resources and work of Richard Taylor and Andrew Wiles, proved the Fermat's Last Theorem, and the papers containing the published proof of Fermat's Last Theorem were presented at the conference.[9] On 1 April 2006, at the 12th Regional Conference on Mathematical Physics, held by the National Center for Physics, Rashid proof and presented his papers on "Transition amplitude for time-dependent linear harmonic oscillator with Linear time-dependent terms added to the Hamiltonian" where he had proposed and solved mathematical problems on Hamiltonian matrix Spherical and Cylindrical harmonics by applying the Hamiltonian mechanics.[10] He also made numerous contribution on pure mathematics, Statistical mechanics and physics.


Selected research papers[edit]

  • "Wormholes supported by phantom-like modified Chaplygin gas" M. Jamil, M. U. Farooq(2009) Eur. Phys. J Vol:59 pp:907–912 (Journal)
  • "Constraints on coupling constant between dark energy and dark matter" (2009) Eur.Phys.J.C Vol:60 pp:141–147 (Journal)
  • "Generalized Holographic Dark Energy Model" (2009) Eur.Phys.J.C Vol:61 pp:471–476 (Journal) HEC Recognized:Yes
  • "Linear invariants of a cartesian tensor" (2009) Quarterly Journal of Mechanics and Applied Mathematics Vol:62 pp:31–38 (Journal) HEC Recognized:Yes
  • "Constraints on coupling constant between dark energy and dark matter" (2009) Eur. Phys. J Vol:60 pp:141–147 (Journal) HEC Recognized:Yes
  • "Interacting dark energy with inhomogeneous equation of state" (2008) The European Physical Journal C Vol: pp:- (Journal) HEC Recognized:Yes
  • "Interacting modified variable chaplygin gas in a non-flat universe" (2008) The European Physical Journal C Vol: pp:- (Journal) HEC Recognized:Yes
  • "Charged black holes in phantom cosmology" (2008) The European Physical Journal C Vol
  • AO Ajibade "A Strange property of the determinant of the Minors " (2007) Int. J. Math. Educ. Sci. Technol
  • "Factorality in Riecz groups " (2007) accessed for publication in the Journal of Group Theory Vol:

Conference papers[edit]

  • "Transition amplitutude for time dependant linear harmonic oscillator with linear time dependant terms added to the Hamiltonian, Proceedings of 12th Regional Conference in Mathematical Physics 2006 held at NCP Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan39-46" (2007) World Scientific, Singapore Vol: pp:39–46 (Conference Publications)
  • "Extended Numerov Method for the Numerical Solution of the Hartree–Fock equations. " (1986) Second International Conference on Computational Mathematics, Benin (Nigeria) Vol: pp:- (Conference Publications)
  • "The number of permutations on n symbols which contain at least one cycle of length Ê I" (1974) Punjab Univ J. Math 7 Vol: pp:35–37 (Conference Publications) HEC Recognized:Yes
  • "Pion Scattering Lengths and the p-width" (1970) Proceedings of the 1969 Wayne State University Vol:29 pp:38- (Conference Publications) HEC Recognized:Yes
  • "Extended Numerov Method for the Numerical Solution of the Hartree–Fock equations. " (1986) Second International Conference on Computational Mathematics, Benin (Nigeria)


  1. ^ "About Symposium-CCIS: Prof. Dr. Munir Rasheed" ((html)). Technomoot. TechnoMoot. 
  2. ^ "Generalization of Mass Formula in Unitary Symmetries" ((Html)). American Physical Society. 1963. Retrieved 2010. 
  3. ^ HEC, Higher Education Commission. "Muneer Ahmad Rashid". 
  4. ^ "Response to the Award of the Wegner Medal: See Unitary Symmetry" (PDF). 
  5. ^ Lipkin, Harry J. (2002). "Response to the Award of the Wegner Medal: See Unitary Symmetry" (PDF). .
  6. ^ Rashid, Muneer Ahmad (1974). "Scattering by a Potential with r-2n tail in the Born Approximation". Journal of Chemistry and Physics (Islamabad, Pakistan: Higher Education Commission) 60: 3729–3790. 
  7. ^ Rashid, Muneer Ahmad; Ghulam Murtaza and H.U.Rahman (1974). "Non-Linear waves in a two-component hot nuclear plasma". Journal of Physics (Islamabad, Pakistan: Higher Education Commission) 10: 1249–1257.  Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (help);
  8. ^ Rashid, Muneer Ahmad (1974). "The mathematical series and number of permutations on n symbols which contain at least one cycle of length = I". Journal of Mathematics (Islamabad, Pakistan: Higher Education Commission) 07: 35–47. 
  9. ^ "One Day Mathematical Conference in Honour of Professor Muneer Ahmad Rashid". 
  10. ^ Rashid, M. Ahmad (2006). "Transition amplitude for time-dependent linear harmonic oscillator with Linear time-dependent terms added to the Hamiltonian" (PDF). Munir Ahmad Rashid. M. A. Rashid. 

External links[edit]

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