|An apertural view of a shell of Muricopsis (Muricopsis) necocheanus|
Radwin & d'Attilio, 1971
This subfamily has been delineated based on the characteristics of the operculum and the radula.
The shell is wide in the middle and tapers at both ends, making it fusiform to biconic. The size of the shell varies in length between 5 mm and 85 mm. Its color is white or brown, covered with subdued shades of brown, orange, red or purple markings. The aperture is broadly oval to almost round and is of variable size. Contrary to the other Muricidae, the siphonal canal, the semi-tubular extension of the aperture, is of moderate length. Like the other murex shells, each convex whorl shows a variable number (four or more) of more or less prominent varices (a thickened axial ridge in the shell), which, in turn, show foliaceous or spinose projections.
The genera in this subfamily are distributed worldwide, mainly in tropical and subtropical waters, at depths between 0 and 300 m.
- Acanthotrophon Hertlein & Strong, 1951
- Bizetiella Radwin & D'Attilio, 1972
- Favartia Jousseaume, 1880
- Maxwellia Baily, 1950
- Murexsul Iredale, 1915
- Muricopsis Bucquoy & Dautzenberg, 1882
- Pazinotus E.H. Vokes, 1970
- Pradoxa Fernandes & Rolan, 1993
- Rolandiella B.A. Marshall & Burch, 2000
- Subpterynotus Olsson & Harbison, 1953
- Vitularia Swainson, 1840
- Xastilia Bouchet & Houart, 1994
Several genera that were recognized in the past have now become synonyms :
- Minnimurex Woolacott, 1957 accepted as Murexiella Clench & Farfante, 1945
- Murexiella Clench & Farfante, 1945 accepted as Favartia (Murexiella) Clench & Perez Farfante, 1945
- Paradoxa Fernandes & Rolan, 1990 accepted as Pradoxa Fernandes & Rolan, 1993
- Paradoxon Fernandes & Rolán, 1990 accepted as Pradoxa Fernandes & Rolan, 1993
- Pygmaepterys E. H. Vokes, 1978 accepted as Favartia (Pygmaepterys) E.H. Vokes, 1978
- Risomurex Olsson & McGinty, 1958 accepted as Muricopsis (Risomurex) Olsson & McGinty, 1958
- Transtrafer Iredale, 1929 accepted as Vitularia Swainson, 1840
- Houart, R. (2010). Muricopsinae. In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=395163 on 2010-12-24
- Barco, A.; M. Claremont; D.G. Reid; R. Houart; P. Bouchet; S.T. Williams; C. Cruaud; A. Couloux; M. Oliverio (September 2010). "A molecular phylogenetic framework for the Muricidae, a diverse family of carnivorous gastropods". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 56 (3): 1025nb&1039. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.03.008. PMID 20226866.
- George E. Radwin and Anthony D'Attilio, Murex Shells of the World, Stanford University Press, 1976