Murray Gurfein

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Murray Gurfein
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
In office
August 27, 1974 – December 16, 1979
Nominated byRichard Nixon
Appointed byGerald Ford
Preceded byPaul R. Hays
Succeeded byLawrence W. Pierce
Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
In office
May 20, 1971 – September 11, 1974
Appointed byRichard Nixon
Preceded byThomas Francis Murphy
Succeeded byCharles S. Haight Jr.
Personal details
Born
Murray Irwin Gurfein

(1907-11-17)November 17, 1907
New York City, New York
DiedDecember 16, 1979(1979-12-16) (aged 72)
New York City, New York
Spouse(s)
Eva Hadas (m. 1931)
Children2
EducationColumbia University (A.B.)
Harvard Law School (LL.B.)

Murray Irwin Gurfein (November 17, 1907 – December 16, 1979) was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and prior to that a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York.

Education and career[edit]

Born on November 17, 1907, in New York City, New York, Gurfein received an Artium Baccalaureus degree from Columbia College in 1926. He received a Bachelor of Laws from Harvard Law School in 1930. He served as a law clerk for Judge Julian Mack of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, from 1930 to 1931. He was an Assistant United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York, from 1931 to 1933.[1] He was in private practice of law in New York City from 1933 to 1935. He was a deputy assistant district attorney of New York County, from 1935 to 1938.[2] He was an assistant district attorney of New York County, from 1938 to 1942.[3] He was in the United States Army as a Lieutenant Colonel, in the Office of Strategic Services, from 1942 to 1946.[4] He was an assistant to Justice Robert H. Jackson, the United States Chief Counsel at the Nuremberg trials in 1945.[5] He was in private practice of law in New York City from 1946 to 1971.[6][7]

Gurfein was elected President of HIAS (Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society) from 1956 to 1957 and from 1960 to 1967.[8][9]

Federal judicial service[edit]

Gurfein was nominated by President Richard Nixon on April 14, 1971, to a seat on the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York vacated by Judge Thomas Francis Murphy. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on May 20, 1971, and received his commission the same day. His service was terminated on September 11, 1974, due to elevation to the Second Circuit.[7]

Gurfein was nominated by President Nixon on July 11, 1974, to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated by Judge Paul R. Hays. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on August 22, 1974, and received his commission on August 27, 1974, from President Gerald Ford. His service was terminated on December 16, 1979, due to death.[7]

Pentagon Papers case[edit]

During his first week as a United States District Judge, Gurfein was assigned the Pentagon Papers case and gained national prominence when he refused the government's motion to enjoin publication of the documents.[10] Gurfein's ruling was initially reversed by the Court of Appeals, but ultimately reinstated by the Supreme Court. Gurfein wrote: "The security of the Nation is not at the ramparts alone. Security also lies in the value of our free institutions. A cantankerous press, an obstinate press, an ubiquitous press must be suffered by those in authority in order to preserve the even greater values of freedom of expression and the right of the people to know."[11]

Personal life[edit]

In 1931, he married Eva Hadas. The couple had two daughters: Abigail and Susan Hadas.

Gurfein died in New York City on December 16, 1979.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Donati, William (2012). Lucky Luciano: The Rise and Fall of a Mob Boss. McFarland. p. 93. ISBN 9780786493432. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  2. ^ Cockburn, Alexander; St. Clair, Jeffrey (1998). Whiteout: The CIA, Drugs, and the Press. Verso. p. 120. ISBN 9781859841396. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  3. ^ O'Donnell, Patrick K. (2014). Operatives, Spies, and Saboteurs: The Unknown Story of the Men and Women of World War II's OSS. Simon and Schuster. p. 49. ISBN 9780743235747. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  4. ^ Brown, Anthony Cave (1982). The Last Hero: Wild Bill Donovan. Times Books. p. 394. ISBN 9780812910216. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  5. ^ "Murray Gureein Dead at 72". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved 2017-09-14.
  6. ^ Braudy, Susan (2014). This Crazy Thing Called Love: The Golden World and Fatal Marriage of Ann and Billy Woodward. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. ISBN 9780804153355. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  7. ^ a b c "Gurfein, Murray Irwin - Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov.
  8. ^ "Murray Gurfein Elected President of United Hias Service". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved 2017-09-14.
  9. ^ "Judge Murray I. Gurfein". ontherescuefront. 2017-01-27. Retrieved 2017-09-14.
  10. ^ "Judge Gurfein's First Case". The New York Times. 1979-12-18. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-09-14.
  11. ^ United States v. N.Y. Times Co., 328 F. Supp. 324, 331 (S.D.N.Y. 1971).
  12. ^ McFadden, Robert D. (1979-12-18). "Judge M.I. Gurfein, Who Allowed Pentagon Papers' Publication, Dies". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-09-14.

External links[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
Thomas Francis Murphy
Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
1971–1974
Succeeded by
Charles S. Haight Jr.
Preceded by
Paul R. Hays
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
1974–1979
Succeeded by
Lawrence W. Pierce