Muttukumara Kavirajar

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Muttukumara Kavirajar (1780–1851), the Ceylon / Sri Lankan Tamil poet, was one of the earliest Hindus to protest via published native literature the conversion attempts by the various Protestant missionaries within the Jaffna peninsula in Sri Lanka. He wrote the Jnanakkummi or Kummi Song on Wisdom and Yesumataparikaram or Abolition of the Jesus Doctrine. These poem were initially published in 1850s by Arumuga Navalar[1][2][3]


  1. ^ Hudson, Dennis (January 1992). Religious Controversy in British India: Dialogues in South Asian Languages. State University of New York. ISBN 0-7914-0827-2. 
  2. ^ Sivathamby, K (1979). "Hindu Reaction to Christian Proselytism and Westernization in 19th Century Sri Lanka". Social Sciences Review (Colombo). 1: 41–75. 
  3. ^ Thc two poems are contained in the collection of Muttukumara Kavi¬rajar’s poems in the volume commemorating the centenary of his death, Mut¬tukkusndrakavirdcar Pirapantattirattu, ed. Cunnakain Ku. Muttukkumaracuvamip Pillai (Mayilani/Cunnakam: Pulavarakam, 1952)