Muzdalifah (Arabic: مزدلفة) is an open, level area near Mecca in Saudi Arabia associated with the Ḥajj (Arabic: حَـجّ, "Pilgrimage"). It lies just southeast of Mina, on the route between Mina and Arafat.
The stay at Muzdalifah is preceded by a day at Arafat, consisting of glorifying Allah, repeating the supplication, and repentance to Allah and asking Him for forgiveness. At Arafat, Zuhr and 'Asr prayers are performed in a combined and abbreviated form during the time of Zuhr. After sunset on the ninth day of the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah, pilgrims travel to Muzdalifah, sometimes arriving at night because of over-crowding. After arriving at Muzdalifah, pilgrims pray the Maghrib and Isha prayer jointly whereas the Isha prayer is shortened to 2 rakats.
At Muzdalifah, pilgrims collect pebbles (49, because only the big devil is stoned on the first day with the seven pebbles,while on the second and the third day all three devils are stoned with seven pebbles each. seven pebbles are used on the first day and forty two pebbles are used on the second and the third day, twenty one each day.Pilgrims collect the pebbles from Muzdalifah and spend the whole night there, often sleeping in the open air, before leaving for Mina the next morning.
The Sacred Monument
- Quran 48:22–29
- David E. Long The Hajj Today: A Survey of the Contemporary Pilgrimage to Mecca 1979 "With thousands of Hajjis, most of them in motor vehicles, rushing headlong for Muzdalifah, the potential is there for one of ... There is special grace for praying at the roofless mosque in Muzdalifah called al-Mash'ar al-Haram (the Sacred Grove) ..."
- Danarto A Javanese pilgrim in Mecca 1989 Page 27 "It was still dark when we arrived at Muzdalifah, four miles away. The Koran instructs us to spend the night at al-Mash'ar al-Haram. the Sacred Grove at Muzdalifah, as one of the conditions for the hajj . We scrambled out of the bus and looked ...
- Lindsay Jones, Encyclopedia of religion – 2005 Volume 10 – Page 7159 "The Qur'an admonishes: "When you hurry from Arafat, remember God at the Sacred Grove (al-mash' ar al-haram)," that is, at Muzdalifah (2:198). Today a mosque marks the place in Muzdalifah where pilgrims gather to perform the special saldt ..."
- Ziauddin Sardar, M. A. Zaki Badawi – Hajj Studies 1978 -- Page 32 "Muzdalifah is an open plain sheltered by parched hills with sparse growth of thorn bushes. The pilgrims spend a night under the open sky of the roofless Mosque, the Sacred Grove, Al Mush'ar al-Haram. On the morning of the tenth, all depart ..."