NGC 5315

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NGC 5315
Emission nebula
Planetary nebula
NGC 5315HSTfull.jpg
A Hubble Space Telescope (HST) image of NGC 5315
Observation data: J2000 epoch
Right ascension13h 53m 56.96097s[1]
Declination−66° 30′ 50.9155″[1]
Distance~6.5 kly (2 kpc).[2] ly
Apparent magnitude (V)9.8[3]
DesignationsESO 97-9, HD 120800, NGC 5315, PN G309.1-04.3[4]
See also: Lists of nebulae

NGC 5315 is a planetary nebula in the southern constellation Circinus. Of apparent magnitude 9.8 around a central star of magnitude 14.2, it is located 5.2 degrees west-southwest of Alpha Circini. It is only visible as a disc at magnifications over 200-fold.[5] The nebula was discovered by astronomer Ralph Copeland in 1883.[3] The central star has a stellar class of WC4 and is hydrogen deficient with an effective temperature of 76-79 kK.[6] The distance to this nebula is not known accurately, but is estimated to be around 6.5 kilolight-years.[2]

This planetary nebular has a slightly elliptical form, a complex structure, and a ring that is somewhat broken. It shows a typical abundance of carbon and a slightly enhanced nitrogen abundance.[2] Radial velocity studies indicate that the star may be a member of a binary system. The nebula does not show enrichment of s-process elements. This suggests that the star's asymptotic giant branch stage may have been truncated by interaction with the companion. Alternatively, the star may be low in mass and did not undergo third dredge-up, or the star's s-process elements were heavily diluted by the envelope during the AGB phase.[6]


  1. ^ a b Brown, A. G. A.; et al. (Gaia collaboration) (August 2018). "Gaia Data Release 2: Summary of the contents and survey properties". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 616. A1. arXiv:1804.09365. Bibcode:2018A&A...616A...1G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833051. Gaia DR2 record for this source at VizieR.
  2. ^ a b c Pottasch, S. R.; et al. (October 2002). "Abundances of Planetary Nebula NGC 5315". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 393: 285–294. Bibcode:2002A&A...393..285P. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20020986.
  3. ^ a b Frommert, Hartmut. "NGC Online Cross Identifications". Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  4. ^ "NGC 5315". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2007-04-17.
  5. ^ Bakich, Michael E. (2010). 1001 Celestial Wonders to See Before You Die: The Best Sky Objects for Star Gazers. Patrick Moore's Practical Astronomy Series. Springer. p. 162. ISBN 978-1-4419-1776-8.
  6. ^ a b Madonna, S.; et al. (October 2017). "Neutron-capture element abundances in the planetary nebula NGC 5315 from deep optical and near-infrared spectrophotometry". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 471 (2): 1341–1369. arXiv:1706.07225. Bibcode:2017MNRAS.471.1341M. doi:10.1093/mnras/stx1585.

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