NHS Litigation Authority
In addition it:
- has developed an active risk management programme to raise NHS standards and reduce incidence of negligence
- monitors human rights case law on behalf of the NHS
- co-ordinates claims for equal pay in the NHS
- handles Family Health Service appeals (i.e., disputes between doctors, dentists, opticians and pharmacists and NHS Primary Care Trusts) (since April 2005).
In 2004-5 the authority dealt with 5,609 claims of clinical negligence and 3,766 of non-clinical negligence. About 38% of claims are abandoned by the claimant, and about 43% are settled out of court. In 2004-5 £502.9 million was paid out in respect of clinical negligence claims, and £25.1 million in respect of non-clinical negligence. By 2015/6 payments (which include defence and claimants' legal costs) had risen to more than £1.4 billion, although new claims in that year fell by 4.6%. It often takes several years to resolve claims. Claims may be submitted many years after the event. The biggest element of compensation is the cost of caring for children who suffer brain injury at birth. There is no time limit on these claims.
It runs the clinical negligence scheme for trusts. All NHS trusts in England are members of the scheme. They paid £968m in contributions in 2013-14 an increase of 38% since 2009. In principle trusts can insure themselves in the commercial market, but none have yet done so, possibly because leaving the scheme would crystallise their outstanding liabilities. The authority altered the scheme in 2014 to give greater weight to trusts claims history when setting contributions.
In 2012/3 charges amounted to £3,778,000. 47.59% related to maternity, 21.45% to surgery, 15.65% to medicine, 7.83% to A&E and 7.48% to all other specialities. Clinical negligence charges amounted to 23% of the cost of maternity services in England.
It was established in 1995 as a special health authority. Its current duties are established under the National Health Service Act 2006. Since its foundation it has managed about 160,000 clinical negligence claims.
- "NHS Litigation Authority: Report and accounts 2012/13" (PDF). NHS Litigation Authority. 10 July 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- "NHS negligence claims hit £1.4bn". BBC News. 29 September 2016. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
- "Fear of litigation must never be a roadblock to transparency". Health Service Journal. 5 July 2016. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
- "Trusts threaten to quit negligence scheme". Health Service Journal. 13 July 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
- "Winners and losers from clinical negligence scheme changes". Health Service Journal. 14 September 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
- Yeung, Hoi (22 October 2015). "The cost argument for seven day working". Health Service Journal. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
- "America's risk management approach could help the NHS". Health Service Journal. 21 August 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- "NHS Litigation Authority: Who we are and what we do" (PDF). NHS Litigation Authority. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- "National Clinical Assessment Service to become part of the NHS Litigation Authority on 1 April 2013". National Clinical Assessment Service. 22 March 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- "New Chair appointed to the NHS Litigation Authority (NHS LA) Board" (PDF) (Press release). NHS Litigation Authority. 27 March 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- "Dame Joan opens the secret door". Daily Telegraph. 11 October 2007.