12th Division (North Korea)
|12th Infantry Division|
|Active||July 1949 -|
|Country||Democratic People's Republic of Korea|
Formation and early history
It was activated in Wonsan and was initially composed of the Northeast Volunteer Army, Chinese 15th Division and was initially composed of the 30th, 31st and 32nd Infantry Regiments. The unit was initially equipped with vehicles attained by North Korea from the Soviet Union shortly after April 1950.
The 12th Division part of the North Korean advance from Seoul to Taejon during the Korean War. It also fought in the Battle of Pusan Perimeter. During this fight it suffered such heavy losses it merged with the NK 766th Infantry Regiment to regain its strength.
On September 16, in the I Corps sector, elements of the Capital Division fought their way through the streets of An’gang-ni. The next day, advancing from the west in the II Corps sector, a battalion of the ROK 7th Division linked up with elements of the Capital Division, closing a two-week-old gap between the ROK I and II Corps. The NKPA’s 12th Division waged a series of stubborn delaying actions against the Capital Division in the vicinity of Kigye as the North Koreans retreated northward into the mountains. Kigye fell back under South Korean control on September 22, 1950.
- Appleman, Roy E. (1992) [20-2-1]. "Armed Forces of North and South Korea, Chapter II". South to the Naktong, North to the Yalu. United States Army Center of Military History. 20-2-1.
- 12th Infantry Division
- Webb, William J. The Korean War: The Outbreak. United States Army Center of Military History. CMH Pub 19-6.
- Gammons, Stephen L.Y. The Korean War: The UN Offensive. United States Army Center of Military History. CMH Pub 19-7.