National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning

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National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning
Type Educational
Focus Science, Engineering
Method Video and Web resource

The National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL), a project funded by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), provides e-learning through online Web and Video courses in Engineering, Sciences, Technology, Management and Humanities. This is a joint initiative by seven IITs and IISc Bangalore. Other selected premier institutions also act as Associate Partner Institutions.

NPTEL is a curriculum building exercise and is directed towards providing learning materials in science and engineering by adhering to the syllabi of All India Council for Technical Education and the slightly modified curricula of major affiliating Universities. It has developed curriculum based video courses and web-based e-courses targeting students and faculty of institutions offering UG engineering programs.

About the Courses[edit]

Features of NPTEL courses

NPTEL provides free online courseware in the form of web courses and video lectures. These lectures utilize a multitude of facilities of the video medium such as chalk-and-talk, tablet writing, power point, two and three dimensional animations, interactive codes, etc. Each course comprises approximately 40 video lectures of about 1 hour duration. An online discussion forum is incorporated wherein students can post and review questions. Wherever applicable, course assignments, handouts, self-evaluation tasks, etc. have been integrated. Workshops are routinely conducted for institutes, students, mentors, etc. under the auspices of NPTEL.


There are approximately 921 courses (419 are web based courses and 502 are video courses) in various disciplines currently being offered across Engineering, Sciences, Technology, Management and Humanities. Some of these disciplines are mentioned in the table below:

Disciplines covered by NPTEL
Aerospace Engineering Biotechnology
Atmospheric Science Chemical Engineering
Basic courses Chemistry and Biochemistry
Civil Engineering Mathematics
Computer Science and Engineering Mechanical Engineering
Electrical Engineering Metallurgy and Material Science
Electronics and Communication Engineering Mining Engineering
Engineering Design
Environmental Engineering Ocean Engineering
General Physics
Humanities and Social Science Textile Engineering

Speech to Text Transcription[edit]

Speech to text transcription process of NPTEL

Text transcriptions of all the video lectures are available on the official NPTEL website in the following formats:

  • audio file (mp3 format)
  • transcript (pdf format)
  • subtitles to all videos

Access to courses[edit]

NPTEL Access

The online courseware provided by NPTEL is free. One may access these courses utilizing any of the following methods:

  • Through the official NPTEL website These videos may be downloaded in MP4, FLV and 3gp formats.
  • As video streams on demand through YouTube They can be downloaded using any browser add-ons.
  • Institutions may provide hard disks and receive copies of these courses free of cost at the NPTEL office, IIT Madras.
  • They are broadcast through the Eklavya channel provided by Gyan Darshan (Door Darshan Television, Govt. of India enterprise).

Individuals who are unable to download lectures due to bandwidth constraints may purchase the video courses in DVDs from BodhBridge Educational Services Private Limited, Chennai, by paying a nominal fee that covers the cost of 2 DVDs and shipment logistics.


Participating Institutions[edit]

Seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras and Roorkee) and the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore (IISc) have come together to create course contents for NPTEL.

NPTEL Participating Institutes

Impact of NPTEL[edit]

NPTEL contents are being used by various educational institutions as part of their teaching-learning process. While faculty members are using these contents as part of their lesson plan to teach university curriculum, students are using NPTEL not only to prepare for technical jobs and competitive exams, but also as a platform for constant learning and updating knowledge for the ever-changing environment and market realities. NPTEL contents are designed such that they enhance and complement students’ residential learning experience at their given institutions.

NPTEL site visits across Continents
NPTEL site visits across Countries
Youtube views of NPTEL

History of the Programme[edit]

The idea of having a Technology enhanced learning initiative involving IITs and Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) was first proposed by IISc Bangalore in the year 1999 immediately following a Workshop on Technology Enhanced Learning (WoTEL) conducted in Bangalore in collaboration with Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), Pittsburgh, USA. Following that, significant infrastructure for the production of video-based teaching material by the institutes was set up. As of May 2016, approximately 1015 video courses and web-based courses have been developed by the faculty members of these institutions.

Certification Courses[edit]

Certification courses are offered by NPTEL in association with industry partners like Aricent, NASSCOM and Google. These courses offered 2 or 3 times every year are aimed at bridging the gap between academia and industry. On successful completion of the course, an in-person, proctored exam can be taken by paying a nominal fee. Those who pass the exam will be awarded a certificate. Number of students who have achieved certificates after passing the competitive exam -

Milestones till August 2015
Completed courses  - 57
On-going courses   - 25
Upcoming courses   - 4
Students Certified - 7267 

Local Chapter[edit]

To encourage more students across colleges to participate in Online certification courses and learn from NPTEL course content, NPTEL Local Chapters in colleges are being set up (with the approval of the management). It will be under the headship of a faculty member of the college who is called a Single Point of Contact (SPOC).

SPOCs are updated about all the latest NPTEL initiatives. They in turn are responsible to disseminate it among the students. Responsibilities of the SPOC include, identifying suitable mentors for various courses, encourage students to enrol in courses, submit their assignments on time, clarify any doubts they may have and so on.

NPTEL offers scholarships for students who have a Local Chapter in their college. As of August 2015, there are 76 colleges having NPTEL Local Chapters. 6658 students have applied for scholarships, of them, 4441 student scholarships have been approved.

GATE Preparation using NPTEL Material[edit]

GATE preparation using NPTEL material

GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) is IIT’s competitive entrance exam for Master’s and Doctoral programs across India. NPTEL provides GATE question papers and mock tests on its official website Previous 3 year question papers with reference to NPTEL content are available. Practice tests (without solution) are also available for students that mimic the actual online exam pattern.


External links[edit]