National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning
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|Method||Video and Web resource|
The National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL), a project funded by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), provides e-learning through online Web and Video courses in Engineering, Sciences, Technology, Management and Humanities. This is a joint initiative by seven IITs and IISc Bangalore. Other selected premier institutions also act as Associate Partner Institutions.
NPTEL is a curriculum building exercise and is directed towards providing learning materials in science and engineering by adhering to the syllabi of All India Council for Technical Education  and the slightly modified curricula of major affiliating Universities. It has developed curriculum based video courses and web-based e-courses targeting students and faculty of institutions offering UG engineering programs.
There are approximately 1121 courses (419 are web based courses and 502 are video courses) in various disciplines currently [as of 31 December 2016] being offered across Engineering, Sciences, Technology, Management and Humanities. Some of these disciplines are mentioned in the table below:
|Atmospheric Science||Chemical Engineering|
|Basic courses||Chemistry and Biochemistry|
|Computer Science and Engineering||Mechanical Engineering|
|Electrical Engineering||Metallurgy and Material Science|
|Electronics and Communication Engineering||Mining Engineering|
|Environmental Engineering||Ocean Engineering|
|Humanities and Social Science||Textile Engineering|
The course contents for NPTEL have been created by the following Indian elite institutes:
- Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (coordinating Institute)
- Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
- Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
- Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati
- Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
- Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
- Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
- Indian Institute of Technology, Patna
- Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
History of the Programme
The idea of having a Technology enhanced learning initiative involving IITs and Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) was first proposed by IISc Bangalore in the year 1999 immediately following a Workshop on Technology Enhanced Learning (WoTEL) conducted in Bangalore in collaboration with Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), Pittsburgh, USA. Following that, significant infrastructure for the production of video-based teaching material by the institutes was set up. As of May 2016, approximately 1015 video courses and web-based courses have been developed by the faculty members of these institutions.
Certification courses are offered by NPTEL in association with industry partners like Aricent, NASSCOM and Google. These courses offered 2 or 3 times every year are aimed at bridging the gap between academia and industry. On successful completion of the course, an in-person, proctored exam can be taken by paying a nominal fee. Those who pass the exam will be awarded a certificate.
GATE Preparation using NPTEL Material
GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) is IIT's competitive entrance exam for Master's and Doctoral programs across India. NPTEL provides GATE question papers and mock tests on its official website nptel.ac.in. Previous 3 year question papers with reference to NPTEL content are available. Practice tests (without solution) are also available for students that mimic the actual online exam pattern.
- "E-Governance initiatives by MHRD". MHRD Website. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
- "ICT in Education". AICTE Website. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
- "NPTEL FAQs". NPTEL Website. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- "NPTEL Courses". NPTEL Website. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- "Gate 2017 Brochure". Gate 2017 Website. Retrieved 5 January 2017.