Namazga-Tepe

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Namazga-Tepe
Location in Turkmenistan
Location in Turkmenistan
Location in Turkmenistan
Alternative nameNamazga-depe
History
PeriodsBronze Age
CulturesBMAC

Namazga-Tepe or Namazga-depe, is a Bronze Age (BMAC) archaeological site in Turkmenistan, some 100 km from Aşgabat, near the border to Iran. Excavated by Vadim Mikhailovich Masson, Viktor Sarianidi, and I. N. Khlopin from the 1950s, the site set the chronology for the Bronze Age sites in Turkmenistan (Namazga III-VI).

Chronology[edit]

It is believed that Anau culture of Turkmenia considerably precedes the Namazga culture in the area. Namazga I period, starting in 3800 BC, is considered contemporary with Anau IB2 period.[1]

Namazga IV around 2500 BC shows proto-urban and village settlement patterns.

Namazga V around 2000-1600 BC is the period of "urban revolution" following the Anatolian model with little or no irrigation. Namazgadepe emerges as the production and probable governmental center, covering some 60 hectares, with Altyndepe likely a secondary capital. Around 1600 BC, Altyndepe is abandoned, and Namazgadepe shrinks to a fraction of its former size.

Namazga VI in the Late Bronze Age 1600-1000 BC is characterized by the incursion of nomadic pastoralists from the Alekseyevka culture and/or Srubna culture.

There have also been detailed painted potteries located at this site.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hassan Basafa, Mohammad Hossein Rezaei, Evidence of Cheshmeh Ali Culture in Chenaran Plain (Northeastern Iran), Archaeology, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2014, pp. 10-15. doi:10.5923/j.archaeology.20140301.02
  2. ^ Langer, William L., ed. (1972). An Encyclopedia of World History (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company. p. 17. ISBN 0-395-13592-3.

Bibliography[edit]

  • V. M. Masson and V. I. Sarianidi, Central Asia: Turkmenia before the Achaemenids (trans. Tringham, 1972); review: Charles C. Kolb, American Anthropologist (1973), 1945-1948.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°22′22″N 59°33′25″E / 37.37278°N 59.55694°E / 37.37278; 59.55694