Nanorana parkeri

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Nanorana parkeri
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Dicroglossidae
Genus: Nanorana
Species: N. parkeri
Binomial name
Nanorana parkeri
(Stejneger, 1927)

Altirana parkeri Stejneger, 1927

Nanorana parkeri (common names: High Himalaya frog, Xizang Plateau frog, Parker's slow frog, mountain slow frog) is a species of frogs in the family Dicroglossidae. It is found in Tibet (China) and in Nepal, but it is expected to be found also in Bhutan and parts of India.[2] It is the second amphibian, and the first Neobatrachian, to have its whole genome sequenced.[3]


Nanorana parkeri are medium-sized frogs: males grow to a snout–vent length of about 44 mm (1.7 in) and females to 48 mm (1.9 in). Tadpoles are up to about 51 mm (2.0 in) in length.[4]


The genome is about 2.3 Gb in size, encoding more than 20,000 protein-coding genes. Nanorana parkeri is estimated to have diverged from Xenopus tropicalis, the other amphibian with sequenced genome, approximately 266 Ma ago (range 134–311 Ma).[3]

Habitat and conservation[edit]

This very common frog is found on high-altitude grasslands, forests, shrubs, lakes, ponds, marshes, streams and rivers in the Tibetan Plateau at elevations of 2,850–5,000 m (9,350–16,400 ft) asl. It an explosive breeder in streams and marshes. There are no known major threats.[1]


  1. ^ a b Fei Liang; Lu Shunqing; Yang Datong; Sushil Dutta; Annemarie Ohler; Tej Kumar Shrestha (2004). "Nanorana parkeri". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2004: e.T58392A11766426. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58392A11766426.en. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Nanorana parkeri (Stejneger, 1927)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  3. ^ a b Sun, Yan-Bo; Xiong, Zi-Jun; Xiang, Xue-Yan; Liu, Shi-Ping; Zhou, Wei-Wei; Tu, Xiao-Long; Zhong, Li; Wang, Lu; Wu, Dong-Dong; Zhang, Bao-Lin; Zhu, Chun-Ling; Yang, Min-Min; Chen, Hong-Man; Li, Fang; Zhou, Long; Feng, Shao-Hong; Huang, Chao; Zhang, Guo-Jie; Irwin, David; Hillis, David M.; Murphy, Robert W.; Yang, Huan-Ming; Che, Jing; Wang, Jun; Zhang, Ya-Ping (2015). "Whole-genome sequence of the Tibetan frog Nanorana parkeri and the comparative evolution of tetrapod genomes". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 112 (11): E1257–E1262. doi:10.1073/pnas.1501764112. PMC 4371989. PMID 25733869.
  4. ^ Fei, L. (1999). Atlas of Amphibians of China (in Chinese). Zhengzhou: Henan Press of Science and Technology. pp. 226–228. ISBN 7-5349-1835-9.