It is near St Albans and is part of the St Albans District. It falls within the London Colney Parish Council area. It is close to St Albans, Radlett and Potters Bar, where some residents travel to work, shop and commute to London. The 658 bus directly serves Napsbury Park and connects the estate with St Albans, London Colney, Shenley and Borehamwood. The nearby bus stop at London Colney High Street is called upon by the 602 bus which connects to St Albans, Watford, Radlett and Hatfield; And the 84 bus which connects with St Albans, Potters Bar and Barnet.
Prehistoric or Roman activity is indicated by cropmarks to the east of the railway in Napsbury hospital grounds; and again on the north side of the hospital. Documentary evidence suggests the existence of a lost medieval settlement. Early Napsbury is mentioned in the Domesday Book, when it was called Absa and owned by Cedric, a vassall of Archbishop Stigand: it had a house called Tylehouse which was associated with tile and brick workings. It is known that there were people settled there with tofts, smallholdings or farms, since tithes were payable in the 14th century. The house on the Napsbury estate was later owned by Nicholas Bacon, father of Francis Bacon.
After the closure of the hospital, Crest Nicholson acquired the site and built the current residential development sympathetically around the existing wood and parkland areas. Now consisting of approximately 500 residences spread over newly built detached, terraced and townhouses also apartments converted from the original buildings. Features include multi-use tennis courts, cricket and sports pitches, a sports pavilion building and footpaths throughout the extensive woodland.
Napsbury railway station was built by the Midland Railway in 1905 on its line to St Pancras station. Consisting of an island platform between the slow lines, with a siding serving the Middlesex County Asylum at Napsbury, it closed in 1959.
There is currently planning permission for the first commercial and retail units on the site, which will build upon the settlement's village status.
- The Deserted Medieval Villages Of Hertfordshire 2nd Ed 1982- K. Rutherford Davis ISBN 0-901354-23-6
- Bourn, Rob (September 2007). "Archaeological desk based assessment" (PDF). Radlett SRFI St Albans Hertfordshire. St Albans District Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 25 March 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Ted Banfield (1985), Remember London Colney, Barracuda Books
- Page (editor), William (1908). "British History Online". Parishes: St Peter's', A History of the County of Hertford: volume 2 (1908): "Napsbury". Victoria County History. pp. 412–424. Retrieved 25 March 2010.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- "Napsbury Park". Historic Hospitals. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
- "Napsbury Park.com". Retrieved 23 March 2018.
- St Albans City - www.stalbans.gov.uk