The National Chinese Orchestra, Taiwan (NCO; Chinese: 臺灣國樂團; pinyin: Táiwān Guó Yuètuán) is a Chinese orchestra based in Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China. The ensemble was founded in 1984 as the National Art Academy Experimental Chinese Orchestra. Due to administrative changes, the orchestra is renamed National Experimental Chinese Orchestra in 1990, and 2006 National Chinese Orchestra. It comprises 93 musicians and take responsibility of collecting, researching, performing, recording, and publishing the traditional music in Taiwan.
Li Shi-Min is the first principal conductor of the orchestra. In 1999, the orchestra appointed famous conductor and composer Chu Chuen-Chuan from Mainland China as principal conductor. After 10 years of direction under Chu, Wen Yi-jen is appointed music director for the 08/09 season, also the first season of the ensemble. The position of music director is currently on call, and conductor Wen Yi-jen is now serving as the principal guest conductor of the orchestra.