National Federation of Discharged and Demobilized Sailors and Soldiers
The organisation was founded in January 1917 by various London-based veterans groups opposed to the Review of Exceptions Act, which made it possible for people invalided out of the armed forces to be re-conscripted. It adopted the slogans "Every man once before any man twice" and "Justice before charity".
Although the Federation initially invited senior military figures to its meetings, they refused. The leadership was assumed by the left-wing Liberal Party MPs James Hogge and William Pringle, who fought for improved pensions and representation on relevant government committees. Frederick Lister later took over the presidency. The Federation's politics were thus broadly liberal, although there was a wide diversity of opinion.
F.B. Hughes, a member of the NFDDSS, stood on behalf of the group at the Liverpool Abercromby by-election, 1917, against Edward Stanley of the Conservative Party but was unsuccessful, taking only a quarter of the votes cast. This intervention persuaded the Earl of Derby to found Comrades of the Great War as a right-wing alternative veterans group.
1918 general election
The NFDDSS sponsored a considerable number of candidates at the 1918 general election, some jointly with the rival National Association of Discharged Sailors and Soldiers (NADSS) in what was termed the "Silver Badge Party", although none were successful. Only five of the candidates were officially approved by the National Executive Committee: Brookes, Dooley, Gebbett, Lister and Shakesby. The remainder were put forward by local branches; these included three candidates in Leeds who were jointly sponsored by the rival Comrades of the Great War and National Association of Discharged Sailors and Soldiers organisations in what was termed the "Silver Badge Party". During the campaign, both Dawson and Thompson were repudiated by the organisation.
|Aberavon||Jones, T. G.T. G. Jones||324||1.5||3|
|Ashton-under-Lyne||Lister, FrederickFrederick Lister||7,334||41.7||2|
|Battersea South||Jenkin, John Ernest PhilipJohn Ernest Philip Jenkin||1,657||7.2||4|
|Bermondsey West||Becker, Harry Thomas AlfredHarry Thomas Alfred Becker||1,294||12.3||4|
|Bethnal Green South West||Thurtle, ErnestErnest Thurtle||1,941||23.9||2|
|Birmingham Aston||Dooley, J. H.J. H. Dooley||1,561||9.8||3|
|Brixton||Kelley, StephenStephen Kelley||3,641||22.6||2|
|Clapham||Beamish, Henry HamiltonHenry Hamilton Beamish||4,697||22.1||2|
|Coventry||Bannington, A. C.A. C. Bannington||3,806||9.8||4|
|Deptford||Rumsey, F. A.F. A. Rumsey||2,106||8.1||3|
|Fulham West||Allen, William JonesWilliam Jones Allen||995||5.3||4|
|Great Yarmouth||Dawson, Willam H.Willam H. Dawson||125||0.9||4|
|Grimsby||Crosby, H. J. F.H. J. F. Crosby||1,260||4.7||4|
|Hitchin||Humm, GeorgeGeorge Humm||722||4.5||3|
|Islington West||Taylor, Ernest MilesErnest Miles Taylor||1,105||10.0||4|
|Kingston-upon-Hull South West||Shakesby, Albert E.Albert E. Shakesby||695||4.3||4|
|Leeds Central||Terry, ErnestErnest Terry||2,634||16.2||2|
|Leeds South||Brook, James A.James A. Brook||1,377||7.9||3|
|Leeds West||Chapman, Joseph HenryJoseph Henry Chapman||1,138||5.6||3|
|Liverpool Everton||Brooksbank, A. W.A. W. Brooksbank||5,779||47.6||2|
|Manchester Hulme||Milner, G.G. Milner||729||3.6||4|
|Morpeth||Newton, G. D.G. D. Newton||2,729||12.2||4|
|Newcastle-upon-Tyne East||Thompson, JohnJohn Thompson||1,079||7.2||3|
|Norwood||Bignold, HaroldHarold Bignold||6,665||34.2||2|
|Nottingham East||Brookes, Joseph N. DennisJoseph N. Dennis Brookes||2,166||14.9||3|
|Paddington North||Barry, Edward Patrick JohnEdward Patrick John Barry||3,571||20.7||3|
|Southwark North||Gebbett, George GregoryGeorge Gregory Gebbett||573||6.3||4|
|Spelthorne||Leonard, A. W.A. W. Leonard||1,143||7.2||3|
|Tottenham South||Jay, Albert EdwardAlbert Edward Jay||1,295||8.3||3|
|Wallasey||Owen, T. D.T. D. Owen||3,407||12.9||4|
In 1920, the Federation invited NADSS, Comrades of the Great War and the Officers' Association to a meeting to discuss a potential merger, and this was achieved in 1921, establishing the Royal British Legion.
- Barr, Niall (2005). The Lion and the Poppy: British veterans, politics, and society, 1921-1939. Praeger Publishers. pp. 12–18. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
- P.J. Waller, Democracy and Sectarianism: a political and social history of Liverpool 1868-1939, page 280. Liverpool University Press, 1981
- Beckett, Ian Frederick William (2007). The Great War, 1914-1918. Pearson/Longman. p. 572. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1975). Minor Parties in British By-elections, 1885-1974. London: Macmillan Press. pp. 57–58.