National Socialism (disambiguation)

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National Socialism most often refers to Nazism, the ideology of the Nazi Party (German: National Socialist German Workers' Party, NSDAP) which existed in Germany between 1920 and 1945 and ruled the country from 1933 to 1945.

The term "national socialism" was used by a number of unrelated groups before the Nazis, but since their rise to prominence it has become associated almost exclusively with their ideas. For this reason, the term is capitalized when referring to the Nazis and their followers ("National Socialism"), to distinguish between the two.

In addition to the Nazi Party, other groups that have used this term include: ethnic German movements before 1945 that were related to Nazism; non-German groups drawing inspiration from Nazism and existing in the same historical period; neo-Nazism, a label for groups and ideologies after 1945 that are considered to be based on Nazism; and other unrelated ideologies and organizations, some of which were founded before the NSDAP and before the term became associated with Nazism while others exist in non-European contexts where Nazism is not widely known.

Ethnic German movements related to Nazism (pre-1945)[edit]

Non-German movements related to Nazism (pre-1945)[edit]

Neo-Nazism (after 1945)[edit]

Other unrelated ideologies and organizations[edit]